# Linear Algebra and Its Applications, 5th edition

Published by Pearson (December 27th 2014) - Copyright © 2016

5th edition

ISBN-13: 9780321982384

### What's included

## Overview

With traditional linear algebra texts, the course is relatively easy for students during the early stages as material is presented in a familiar, concrete setting. However, when abstract concepts are introduced, students often hit a wall. Instructors seem to agree that certain concepts (such as linear independence, spanning, subspace, vector space, and linear transformations) are not easily understood and require time to assimilate. These concepts are fundamental to the study of linear algebra, so students' understanding of them is vital to mastering the subject. **This text **makes these concepts more accessible by introducing them early in a familiar, concrete *R ^{n}* setting, developing them gradually, and returning to them throughout the text so that when they are discussed in the abstract, students are readily able to understand.

**KEY TOPICS:** Linear Equations in Linear Algebra; Matrix Algebra; Determinants; Vector Spaces; Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors; Orthogonality and Least Squares; Symmetric Matrices and Quadratic Forms; The Geometry of Vector Spaces; Optimization; Finite-State Markov Chains

**MARKET:** for all readers interested in linear algebra.

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## Table of contents

**1. Linear Equations in Linear Algebra**

Introductory Example: Linear Models in Economics and Engineering

1.1 Systems of Linear Equations

1.2 Row Reduction and Echelon Forms

1.3 Vector Equations

1.4 The Matrix Equation Ax = b

1.5 Solution Sets of Linear Systems

1.6 Applications of Linear Systems

1.7 Linear Independence

1.8 Introduction to Linear Transformations

1.9 The Matrix of a Linear Transformation

1.10 Linear Models in Business, Science, and Engineering

Supplementary Exercises

**2. Matrix Algebra**

Introductory Example: Computer Models in Aircraft Design

2.1 Matrix Operations

2.2 The Inverse of a Matrix

2.3 Characterizations of Invertible Matrices

2.4 Partitioned Matrices

2.5 Matrix Factorizations

2.6 The Leontief Input–Output Model

2.7 Applications to Computer Graphics

2.8 Subspaces of Rn

2.9 Dimension and Rank

Supplementary Exercises

**3. Determinants**

Introductory Example: Random Paths and Distortion

3.1 Introduction to Determinants

3.2 Properties of Determinants

3.3 Cramer’s Rule, Volume, and Linear Transformations

Supplementary Exercises

**4. Vector Spaces**

Introductory Example: Space Flight and Control Systems

4.1 Vector Spaces and Subspaces

4.2 Null Spaces, Column Spaces, and Linear Transformations

4.3 Linearly Independent Sets; Bases

4.4 Coordinate Systems

4.5 The Dimension of a Vector Space

4.6 Rank

4.7 Change of Basis

4.8 Applications to Difference Equations

4.9 Applications to Markov Chains

Supplementary Exercises

**5. Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors**

Introductory Example: Dynamical Systems and Spotted Owls

5.1 Eigenvectors and Eigenvalues

5.2 The Characteristic Equation

5.3 Diagonalization

5.4 Eigenvectors and Linear Transformations

5.5 Complex Eigenvalues

5.6 Discrete Dynamical Systems

5.7 Applications to Differential Equations

5.8 Iterative Estimates for Eigenvalues

Supplementary Exercises

**6. Orthogonality and Least Squares**

Introductory Example: The North American Datum and GPS Navigation

6.1 Inner Product, Length, and Orthogonality

6.2 Orthogonal Sets

6.3 Orthogonal Projections

6.4 The Gram–Schmidt Process

6.5 Least-Squares Problems

6.6 Appli

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