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Longman Anthology of British Literature, The, Volume 1, 4th edition

  • David Damrosch
  • Stuart Sherman
  • Susan J. Wolfson
  • Kevin J. H. Dettmar
  • Christopher Baswell
  • Clare Carroll
  • Andrew David Hadfield
  • Heather Henderson
  • Peter J. Manning
  • Anne Schotter
  • William Chapman Sharpe

Published by Pearson (July 23rd 2009) - Copyright © 2010

4th edition

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Overview

The Fourth Edition of The Longman Anthology of British Literature continues its tradition of presenting works in the historical context in which they were written.  This fresh approach includes writers from the British Isles, underrepresented female authors, Perspectivessectionsthatshed light on the period as a whole and link with immediately surrounding works to help illuminate a theme, “And Its Time” clusters that illuminate a specific cultural moment or a debate to which an author is responding, and “Responses” in which later authors respond to one or more texts from earlier works.

Table of contents

*** denotes selection is new to this edition.

 

THE MIDDLE AGES

Before the Norman Conquest 

 

BEOWULF***                                                                                        

Response

John Gardner: from Grendel  

 

THE TÁIN***

 

EARLY IRISH VERSE

To Crinog  

Pangur the Cat  

Writing in the Wood  

The Viking Terror  

The Old Woman of Beare  

Findabair Remembers Fróech  

A Grave Marked with Ogam  

from The Voyage of Máel Dúin  

 

JUDITH

 

THE DREAM OF THE ROOD

 

PERSPECTIVES: ETHNIC AND RELIGIOUS ENCOUNTERS

Bede  

from An Ecclesiastical History of the English People  

Bishop Asser  

from The Life of King Alfred  

King Alfred  

Preface to Saint Gregory’s Pastoral Care  

Ohthere’s Journeys  

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle  

Stamford Bridge and Hastings  

 

TALIESIN

Urien Yrechwydd  

The Battle of Argoed Llwyfain  

The War-Band’s Return  

Lament for Owain Son of Urien  

  

THE WANDERER

 

WULF AND EADWACER AND THE WIFE’S LAMENT

 

RIDDLES

Three Anglo-Latin Riddles by Aldhelm  

Five Old English Riddles  

 

After the Norman Conquest 

 

PERSPECTIVES: ARTHURIAN MYTH IN THE HISTORY OF BRITAIN

Geoffrey of Monmouth  

from History of the Kings of Britain  

Gerald of Wales  

from The Instruction of Princes  

Edward I  

Letter sent to the Papal Court of Rome  

Response

A Report to Edward I  

 

Arthurian Romance

 

MARIE DE FRANCE

Lais  

Prologue  

Lanval  

        Chevrefoil (The Honeysuckle)  

 

SIR GAWAIN AND THE GREEN KNIGHT***

 

SIR THOMAS MALORY

Morte Darthur  

from Caxton’s Prologue  

The Miracle of Galahad  

The Poisoned Apple  

The Day of Destiny  

Responses

Marion Zimmer Bradley: from The Mists of Avalon  

Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin: scene from Monty Python and the Holy Grail  

 

GEOFFREY CHAUCER

The Canterbury Tales  

The General Prologue (Middle English and modern translation)  

The Miller’s Tale  

The Introduction  

The Tale  

The Wife of Bath’s Prologue  

The Wife of Bath’s Tale  

The Prologue  

The Tale  

The Pardoner’s Prologue  

The Pardoner’s Tale  

The Nun’s Priest’s Tale  

The Parson’s Tale  

The Introduction  

[The Remedy for the Sin of Lechery]  

Chaucer’s Retraction  

To His Scribe Adam  

Complaint to His Purse  

 

WILLIAM LANGLAND

Piers Plowman

Prologue  

Passus 2  

from Passus 6  

Passus 8  

Passus 20  

“Piers Plowman” and Its Time

The Rising of 1381  

from The Anonimalle Chronicle [Wat Tyler’s Demands to Richard II, and His Death]  

Three Poems on the Rising of 1381: John Ball’s First Letter  • John Ball’s Second Letter  • The Course of Revolt  

John Gower: from The Voice of One Crying  

 

Mystical Writings

 

JULIAN OF NORWICH

A Book of Showings  

[Three Graces. Illness. The First Revelation]  

[Laughing at the Devil]  

[Christ Draws Julian in through His Wound]  

[The Necessity of Sin, and of Hating Sin]  

[God as Father, Mother, Husband]  

[The Soul as Christ’s Citadel]  

[The Meaning of the Visions Is Love]  

 Companion Readings

Richard Rolle: from The Fire of Love  

from The Cloud of Unknowing  

Response

Rebecca Jackson: The Dream of Washing Quilts  

 

Medieval Biblical Drama

 

THE SECOND PLAY OF THE SHEPHERDS

 

THE YORK PLAY OF THE CRUCIFIXION

 

MARGERY KEMPE

The Book of Margery Kempe  

The Preface  

[Early Life and Temptations, Revelation, Desire for Foreign Pilgrimage]  

[Meeting with Bishop of Lincoln and Archbishop of Canterbury]  

[Visit with Julian of Norwich]  

[Pilgrimage to Jerusalem]  

[Arrest by Duke of Bedford’s Men; Meeting with Archbishop of York]  

 

MIDDLE ENGLISH LYRICS

The Cuckoo Song (“Sumer is icumen in”)  

Spring (“Lenten is come with love to toune”)  

Alisoun (“Bitwene Mersh and Averil”)  

I Have a Noble Cock  

My Lefe Is Faren in a Lond  

Fowls in the Frith  

Abuse of Women (“In every place ye may well see”)  

The Irish Dancer (“Gode sire, pray ich thee”)  

A Forsaken Maiden’s Lament (“I lovede a child of this cuntree”)  

The Wily Clerk (“This enther day I mete a clerke”)  

Jolly Jankin (“As I went on YoI Day in our procession”)  

Adam Lay Ibounden  

I Sing of a Maiden  

In Praise of Mary (“Edi be thu, Hevene Quene”)  

Mary Is with Child (“Under a tree”)  

Sweet Jesus, King of Bliss  

Now Goeth Sun under Wood  

Jesus, My Sweet Lover (“Jesu Christ, my lemmon swete”)  

Contempt of the World (“Where beth they biforen us weren?”)  

 

DAFYDD AP GWILYM

Aubade  

One Saving Place  

Tale of a Wayside Inn  

The Winter  

The Ruin  

 

Middle Scots Poets

 

WILLIAM DUNBAR                                                                               

Lament for the Makars  

Done Is a Battell  

In Secreit Place This Hyndir Nycht  

 

ROBERT HENRYSON

Robene and Makyne  

 

Late Medieval Allegory

 

CHARLES D’ORLEANS

Ballade 26  

Ballade 61  

Roundel 94  

 

MANKIND

(acting edition by Peter Meredith)           

 

CHRISTINE DE PIZAN

from Book of the City of Ladies  

(trans. by Earl Jeffrey Richards)

 

THE EARLY MODERN PERIOD

 

JOHN SKELTON*** The Bowge of Courte***

 

PERSPECTIVES: THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY SONNET***

Sir Thomas Wyatt

     The Long Love, That in My Thought Doth Harbor  

Companion Reading

Petrarch: Sonnet 140  

     Whoso List to Hunt  

Companion Reading

Petrarch: Sonnet 190  

     My Galley 

     Some Time I Fled the Fire 

Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey

     Love That Doth Reign and Live within My Thought  

     Th’Assyrians’ King, in Peace with Foul Desire  

     Set Me Whereas the Sun Doth Parch the Green  

     The Soote Season  

    Alas, So All Things Now Do Hold Their Peace  

Companion Reading

Petrarch: Sonnet 164  

George Gascoigne

     Seven Sonnets to Alexander Neville  

Edmund Spenser

     Amoretti  

1 (“Happy ye leaves when as those lilly hands”)  

4 (“New yeare forth looking out of Janus gate”)  

13 (“In that proud port, which her so goodly graceth”)  

22 (“This holy season fit to fast and pray”)  

62 (“The weary yeare his race now having run”)  

65 (“The doubt which ye misdeeme, fayre love, is vaine”)  

66 (“To all those happy blessings which ye have”)  

68 (“Most glorious Lord of lyfe that on this day”)  

75 (“One day I wrote her name upon the strand”)  

Sir Philip Sidney

     Astrophil and Stella  

1 (“Loving in truth, and fain in verse my love to show”)  

3 (“Let dainty wits cry on the sisters nine”)  

7 (“When Nature made her chief work, Stella’s eyes”)  

9 (“Queen Virtue’s court, which some call Stella’s face”)  

10 (“Reason, in faith thou art well served, that still”)  

14 (“Alas, have I not pain enough, my friend”)  

15 (“You that do search for every purling spring”)  

23 (“The curious wits, seeing dull pensiveness”)  

24 (“Rich fool there be whose base and filthy heart”)  

31 (“With how sad steps, O Moon, thou climb’st the skies”)  

37 (“My mouth doth water and my breast doth swell”)  

39 (“Come sleep, O sleep, the certain knot of peace”)  

45 (“Stella oft sees the very face of woe”)  

47 (“What, have I thus betrayed my liberty?”)  

52 (“A strife is grown between Virtue and Love”)  

60 (“When my good Angel guides me to the place”)  

63 (“O grammar-rules, O now your virtues show”)  

64 (“No more, my dear, no more these counsels try”)  

68 (“Stella, the only planet of my light”)  

71 (“Who will in fairest book of Nature know”)  

Second song (“Have I caught my heavenly jewel”)  

74 (“I never drank of Aganippe well”)  

Fourth song (“Only joy, now here you are”)  

86 (“Alas, whence came this change of looks? If I...”)  

Eighth song (“In a grove most rich of shade”)  

Ninth song (“Go, my flock, go get you hence”)  

89 (“Now that, of absence, the most irksome night”)  

90 (“Stella, think not that I by verse seek fame”)  

91 (“Stella, while now by honor’s cruel might”)  

97 (“Dian, that fain would cheer her friend the Night”)  

104 (“Envious wits, what hath been mine offense”)  

106 (“O absent presence, Stella is not here”)  

107 (“Stella, since thou so right a princess art”)  

108 (“When sorrow (using mine own fire’s might)”) 

Richard Barnfield

    Sonnets from Cynthia  

1 (“Sporting at fancy, setting light by love”)  

5 (“It is reported of fair Thetis’ son”)  

9 (“Diana (on a time) walking the wood”)  

11 (“Sighing, and sadly sitting by my love”)  

13 (“Speak, Echo, tell; how may I call my love?”)  

19 (“Ah no; nor I myself: though my pure love”)  

 Michael Drayton

    Sonnet 12 (“To nothing fitter can I thee compare”)  

     Sonnet 61 (“Since there’s no help, come let us kiss and part”)  

 

SIR THOMAS WYATT

They Flee from Me  

My Lute, Awake!  

Tagus, Farewell  

Forget Not Yet  

Blame Not My Lute  

Lucks, My Fair Falcon, and Your Fellows All  

Stand Whoso List  

Mine Own John Poyns  

 

HENRY HOWARD, EARL OF SURREY

So Cruel Prison  

London, Hast Thou Accused Me  

Wyatt Resteth Here  

My Radcliffe, When Thy Reckless Youth Offends  

 

SIR THOMAS MORE

Utopia  

Response***

Sir Francis Bacon: from New Atlantis***  

 

WILLIAM BALDWIN***

Beware the Cat  ***

 

EDMUND SPENSER***

The Faerie Queene  ***

The Sixthe Booke of the Faerie Queene  ***

The Two Cantos of Mutabilitie***

 

SIR PHILIP SIDNEY 

The Apology for Poetry  

 

ISABELLA WHITNEY

The Admonition by the Author  

A Careful Complaint by the Unfortunate Author  

The Manner of Her Will  

 

MARY HERBERT, COUNTESS OF PEMBROKE

Psalm 71: In Te Domini Speravi (“On thee my trust is grounded”)  

Psalm 121: Levavi Oculos (“Unto the hills, I now will bend”)  

The Doleful Lay of Clorinda  

 

PERSPECTIVES: EARLY MODERN BOOKS***

Ranulf Higden  

from Polychronicon  

John Foxe***

  from Actes and Monuments of These Latter and Perilous Days***

The Geneva Bible

Thomas Hariot***

  from The True Pictures and Fashions of the People in That Part of America Now Called Virginia**

John Gerard

   from The Herball or Generall historie of plantes

Geoffrey Whitney  

The Phoenix  

Robert Fludd

   from Utriusque cosmic, maioris scilicet et minoris, metaphysica atque technica historia

Francis Bacon

   from Advancement of Learning

English Handwriting Samples**

    Frontispiece to A Certain Relation of the Hog-faced Gentlewoman

 

ELIZABETH I

Written with a Diamond on Her Window at Woodstock  

Written on a Wall at Woodstock  

The Doubt of Future Foes  

On Monsieur’s Departure  

Speeches  

On Marriage  

On Mary, Queen of Scots  

On Mary’s Execution  

To the English Troops at Tilbury, Facing the Spanish Armada  

The Golden Speech  

 

AEMILIA LANYER

The Description of Cookham  

 

CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE

Hero and Leander  

The Tragical History of Dr. Faustus  

Response

C.S. Lewis: from The Screwtape Letters  

 

SIR WALTER RALEIGH

Nature That Washed Her Hands in Milk  

To the Queen  

On the Life of Man  

The Author’s Epitaph, Made by Himself  

As You Came from the Holy Land  

from The 21st and Last Book of the Ocean to Cynthia  

 

PERSPECTIVES: ENGLAND, BRITAIN, AND THE WORLD***

Fynes Moryson***

from An Itenerary, Obseravations on the Ottomon Empire***

Fynes Moryson***

from An Itenerary, Obeservations of Italy and Ireland***

Edmund Spenser***

from A View of the State of Ireland***

Thomas Hariot

from A Brief and True Report of the Newfound Land of Virginia  

John Smith  

from General History of Virginia and the Summer Isles  

 

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE

Sonnets  

1 (“From fairest creatures we desire increase”)  

12 (“When I do count the clock that tells the time”)  

15 (“When I consider every thing that grows”)  

18 (“Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day”)  

20 (“A woman’s face with Nature’s own hand painted”)  

29 (“When, in disgrace with fortune and men’s eyes”)  

30 (“When to the sessions of sweet silent thought”)  

31 (“Thy bosom is endearèd with all hearts”)  

33 (“Full many a glorious morning have I seen”)  

35 (“No more be grieved at that which thou hast done”)  

55 (“Not marble nor the gilded monuments”)  

60 (“Like as the waves make towards the pebbled shore”)  

71 (“No longer mourn for me when I am dead”)  

73 (“That time of year thou mayst in me behold”)  

80 (“O, how I faint when I of you do write”)  

86 (“Was it the proud full sail of his great verse”)  

87 (“Farewell! Thou art too dear for my possessing”)  

93 (“So shall I live, supposing thou art true”)  

94 (“They that have pow’r to hurt, and will do none”)  

104 (“To me, fair friend, you never can be old”)  

106 (“When in the chronicle of wasted time”)  

107 (“Not mine own fears nor the prophetic soul”)  

116 (“Let me not to the marriage of true minds”)  

123 (“No, Time, thou shalt not boast that I do change”)  

124 (“If my dear love were but the child of state”)  

126 (“O thou, my lovely boy, who in thy power”)  

128 (“How oft, when thou my music play’st”)  

129 (“The expense of spirit in a waste of shame”)  

130 (“My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun”)  

138 (“When my love swears that she is made of truth”)  

144 (“Two loves I have, of comfort and despair”)  

152 (“In loving thee thou know’st I am forsworn”)  

 

Twelfth Night; or, What You Will  

Othello***

King Lear***

 

PERSPECTIVES: TRACTS ON WOMEN AND GENDER

Joseph Swetnam  

from The Arraignment of Lewd, Idle, Froward, and Unconstant Women  

Rachel Speght  

from A Muzzle for Melastomus  

Ester Sowernam  

from Ester Hath Hanged Haman  

Hic Mulier and Haec-Vir  

from Hic Mulier; or, The Man-Woman  

from Haec-Vir; or, The Womanish-Man  

 

BEN JONSON

The Alchemist  

On Something, That Walks Somewhere  

On My First Daughter  

To John Donne  

On My First Son  

Inviting a Friend to Supper  

To Penshurst  

Song to Celia  

Queen and Huntress  

To the Memory of My Beloved, the Author, Mr. William Shakespeare, and What He Hath Left Us  

To the Immortal Memory, and Friendship of that Noble Pair, Sir Lucius Cary and Sir H. Morison  

Pleasure Reconciled to Virtue  

 

JOHN DONNE

The Good Morrow  

Song (“Go, and catch a falling star”)  

The Undertaking  

The Sun Rising  

The Indifferent  

The Canonization  

Air and Angels  

Break of Day  

A Valediction: of Weeping  

Love’s Alchemy  

The Flea  

The Bait  

The Apparition  

A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning  

The Ecstasy  

The Funeral  

The Relic  

Elegy 19: To His Mistress Going to Bed  

Holy Sonnets  

1 (“As due by many titles I resign”)  

2 (“Oh my black soul! Now thou art summoned”)  

3 (“This is my play’s last scene, here heavens appoint”)  

4 (“At the round earth’s imagined corners, blow”)  

5 (“If poisonous minerals, and if that tree”)  

6 (“Death be not proud, though some have called thee”)  

7 (“Spit in my face ye Jews, and pierce my side”)  

8 (“Why are we by all creatures waited on?”)  

9 (“What if this present were the world’s last night?”)  

10 (“Batter my heart, three-personed God; for, you”)  

11 (“Wilt thou love God, as he thee? Then digest”)  

12 (“Father, part of his double interest”)  

Devotions Upon Emergent Occasions  

[“For whom the bell tolls”]  

 

LADY MARY WROTH

Pamphilia to Amphilanthus  

1 (“When night’s black mantle could most darkness prove”)  

5 (“Can pleasing sight misfortune ever bring?”)  

16 (“Am I thus conquered? Have I lost the powers”)  

17 (“Truly poor Night thou welcome art to me”)  

25 (“Like to the Indians, scorched with the sun”)  

26 (“When everyone to pleasing pastime hies”)  

28 Song (“Sweetest love, return again”)  

39 (“Take heed mine eyes, how you your looks do cast”)  

40 (“False hope which feeds but to destroy, and spill”)  

48 (“If ever Love had force in human breast?”)  

55 (“How like a fire does love increase in me”)  

68 (“My pain, still smothered in my grièved breast”)  

74 Song (“Love a child is ever crying”)  

A Crown of Sonnets Dedicated to Love  

77 (“In this strange labyrinth how shall I turn?”)  

82 (“He may our profit and our tutor prove”)  

83 (“How blessed be they then, who his favors prove”)  

84 (“ He that shuns love does love himself the less”)  

103 (“My muse now happy, lay thyself to rest”)  

 

ROBERT HERRICK

Hesperides  

The Argument of His Book  

To His Book  

Another (“To read my book the virgin shy”)  

Another (“Who with thy leaves shall wipe at need”)  

To the Sour Reader  

When He Would Have His Verses Read  

Delight in Disorder  

Corinna’s Going A-Maying  

To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time  

The Hock-Cart, or Harvest Home  

His Prayer to Ben Jonson  

Upon Julia’s Clothes  

Upon His Spaniel Tracie  

The Dream (“Me thought (last night) Love in an anger came”)  

The Dream (“By dream I saw one of the three”)  

The Vine  

The Vision  

Discontents in Devon  

To Dean-Bourn, a Rude River in Devon  

Upon Scobble: Epigram  

The Christian Militant  

To His Tomb-Maker  

Upon Himself Being Buried  

His Last Request to Julia  

The Pillar of Fame  

His Noble Numbers  

His Prayer for Absolution  

To His Sweet Saviour  

To God, on His Sickness  

 

GEORGE HERBERT

The Altar  

Redemption  

Easter  

Easter Wings  

Affliction (1)  

Prayer (1)  

Jordan (1)  

Church Monuments  

The Windows  

Denial  

Virtue  

Man  

Jordan (2)  

Time  

The Collar  

The Pulley  

The Forerunners  

Love (3)  

 

RICHARD LOVELACE

To Lucasta, Going to the Wars  

The Grasshopper  

To Althea, from Prison  

Love Made in the First Age: To Chloris  

 

HENRY VAUGHAN

Regeneration  

The Retreat  

Silence, and Stealth of Days  

The World  

They Are All Gone into the World of Light!  

The Night  

 

ANDREW MARVELL 

The Coronet  

Bermudas  

The Nymph Complaining for the Death of Her Fawn  

To His Coy Mistress  

The Definition of Love  

The Mower Against Gardens  

The Mower’s Song  

The Garden  

An Horatian Ode Upon Cromwell’s Return from Ireland  

 

KATHERINE PHILIPS

Friendship in Emblem, or the Seal  

Upon the Double Murder of King Charles  

On the Third of September, 1651  

To the Truly Noble, and Obliging Mrs. Anne Owen  

To Mrs. Mary Awbrey at Parting  

To My Excellent Lucasia, on Our Friendship  

The World  

 

PERSPECTIVES: THE CIVIL WAR, OR THE WARS OF THREE KINGDOMS

John Gauden  

from Eikon Basilike  

John Milton  

from Eikonoklastes  

Oliver Cromwell  

from Letters from Ireland  

John O’Dwyer of the Glenn  

The Story of Alexander Agnew; or, Jock of Broad    Scotland  

 

JOHN MILTON 

L’Allegro  

Il Penseroso  

Lycidas  

How Soon Hath Time  

On the New Forcers of Conscience Under the Long Parliament  

To the Lord General Cromwell  

On the Late Massacre in Piedmont  

When I Consider How My Light Is Spent  

Methought I Saw My Late Espoused Saint  

from Areopagitica  

Paradise Lost  

Book 1  

Book 2  

Book 3  

Book 4  

Book 5  

Book 6  

Book 7  

Book 8  

Book 9  

Book 10  

Book 11  

Book 12  

Responses

Mary Wollstonecraft: from A Vindication of the Rights of Woman  

William Blake: A Poison Tree  

 

THE RESTORATION AND THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY 

 

SAMUEL PEPYS

The Diary  

[First Entries]  

[The Coronation of Charles II]  

[The Plague Year]  

[The Fire of London]  

Pepys’s Diary and Its Time

John Evelyn   from Kalendarium  

Response

Robert Louis Stevenson: from Samuel Pepys  

 

PERSPECTIVES: THE ROYAL SOCIETY AND THE NEW SCIENCE

Thomas Sprat  

from The History of the Royal Society of London  

Philosophical Transactions  

from Philosophical Transactions  

Robert Hooke  

from Micrographia  

John Aubrey  

from Brief Lives  

 

MARGARET CAVENDISH, DUCHESS OF NEWCASTLE

Poems and Fancies  

The Poetress’s Hasty Resolution  

The Poetress’s Petition  

An Apology for Writing So Much upon This Book  

The Hunting of the Hare  

from A True Relation of My Birth, Breeding, and Life  

Observations upon Experimental Philosophy  

Of Micrography, and of Magnifying and Multiplying Glasses  

The Description of a New Blazing World  

from To the Reader  

[Creating Worlds]  

[Empress, Duchess, Duke]  

Epilogue  

 

JOHN DRYDEN

Absalom and Achitophel: A Poem  

Mac Flecknoe  

To the Memory of Mr. Oldham  

Alexander’s Feast  

Fables Ancient and Modern  

from Preface  

The Secular Masque  

 

APHRA BEHN

The Disappointment  

To Lysander, on Some Verses He Writ  

To Lysander at the Music-Meeting  

A Letter to Mr. Creech at Oxford  

To the Fair Clarinda, Who Made Love to Me, Imagined More than  Woman  

Oroonoko  

Response

Thomas Southerne: from Oroonoko: A Tragedy  

 

PERSPECTIVES: COTERIE WRITING

Mary, Lady Chudleigh  

To the Ladies  

To Almystrea  

Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea  

The Introduction  

Friendship Between Ephelia and Ardelia  

A Nocturnal Reverie  

A Ballad to Mrs. Catherine Fleming in London from Malshanger Farm in Hampshire

Mary Leapor  

The Headache. To Aurelia  

Mira To Octavia  

An Epistle to Artemisia. On Fame  

Advice to Sophronia  

The Epistle of Deborah Dough  

 

JOHN WILMOT, EART OF ROCHESTER

Against Constancy  

The Disabled Debauchee  

Song (“Love a woman? You’re an ass!”)  

The Imperfect Enjoyment  

Upon Nothing  

A Satyr Against Reason and Mankind  

 

WILLIAM WYCHERLEY

The Country Wife  

 

MARY ASTELL

from Some Reflections upon Marriage  

 

DANIEL DEFOE

A True Relation of the Apparition of One Mrs. Veal  

A Journal of the Plague Year  

[At the Burial Pit]  

[Encounter with a Waterman]  

 

PERSPECTIVES: READING PAPERS

News and Comment  

from Mercurius Publicus [Anniversary of the Regicide]  

from The London Gazette [The Fire of London]  

from The Daily Courant No. 1 [Editorial Policy]  

Daniel Defoe: from A Review of the State of the British  Nation, Vol. 4, No. 21 [The New Union]  

Periodical Personae  

Richard Steele: from Tatler No. 1 [Introducing Mr. Bickerstaff]  

Joseph Addison: from Spectator No. 1 [Introducing Mr. Spectator]  

from Female Spectator, Vol. 1, No. 1 [The Author’s Intent]  

Richard Steele: from Tatler No. 18 [The News Writers in Danger]  

Joseph Addison: from Tatler No. 155 [The Political Upholsterer]  

Joseph Addison: from Spectator No. 10 [The Spectator and Its Readers]  

Getting, Spending, Speculating  

Joseph Addison: Spectator No. 69 [Royal Exchange]  

Richard Steele: Spectator No. 11 [Inkle and Yarico]  

Daniel Defoe: from A Review of the State of the British Nation, Vol. 1, No. 43 [Weak Foundations]  

Advertisements from the Spectator  

 

JONATHAN SWIFT

A Description of the Morning  

A Description of a City Shower  

Stella’s Birthday, 1719  

Stella’s Birthday, 1727  

The Lady’s Dressing Room  

Response

Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: The Reasons that induced Dr. S. to write a Poem called The Lady’s Dressing Room  

Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift, D.S.P.D.  

Journal to Stella  

from Letter 10  

Gulliver’s Travels  

from Part 3. A Voyage to Laputa  

Part 4. A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms  

“Gulliver’s Travels” and Its Time  

from Letters on Gulliver’s Travels  Jonathan Swift to Alexander  Pope  • Alexander Pope to Jonathan Swift  • John Gay to Jonathan Swift  • Jonathan Swift to Alexander Pope  • “The Prince of Lilliput” to Stella  

A Modest Proposal  

“A Modest Proposal” and Its Time  

William Petty  from Political Arithmetic  

 

ALEXANDER POPE

An Essay on Criticism  

Windsor-Forest  

The Rape of the Lock  

The Iliad  

from Book 12 [Sarpedon’s Speech]  

Eloisa to Abelard  

from An Essay on Man  

Epistle 1  

To the Reader  

The Design  

Argument  

An Epistle from Mr. Pope, to Dr. Arbuthnot  

An Epistle To a Lady: Of the Characters of Women  

Epistle 2. To a Lady: Of the Characters of Women  

Response  

Mary Leapor: An Essay on Woman  

from The Dunciad  

from Book the Fourth  

[The Goddess Coming in Her Majesty]  

[The Geniuses of the Schools]  

[Young Gentlemen Returned from Travel]  

[The Minute Philosophers and the Consummation of All]  

 

LADY MARY WORTLEY MONTAGU

from The Turkish Embassy Letters  

To Lady–[On the Turkish Baths]  

To Lady Mar [On Turkish Dress]  

Letter to Lady Bute [On Her Granddaughter]  

Epistle from Mrs. Yonge to Her Husband  

The Lover: A Ballad  

 

JOHN GAY

The Beggar’s Opera  

 

WILLIAM HOGARTH

A Rake’s Progress  

 

PERSPECTIVES: MIND AND GOD

Isaac Newton  

from Letter to Richard Bentley  

John Locke  

from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding  

Isaac Watts  

A Prospect of Heaven Makes Death Easy  

The Hurry of the Spirits, in a Fever and Nervous Disorders  

Against Idleness and Mischief  

Man Frail, and God Eternal  

Miracles Attending Israel’s Journey  

Joseph Addison  

Spectator No. 465  

George Berkeley  

from Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous  

David Hume  

from A Treatise of Human Nature  

from An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding  

Christopher Smart  

from Jubilate Agno  

William Cowper  

Light Shining out of Darkness  

from The Task  

The Cast-away  

 

JAMES THOMSON

from Winter. A Poem  

[Autumn Evening and Night]  

[Winter Night]  

from The Seasons  

from Autumn  

Rule, Britannia  

“The Seasons” and Its Time

Poems of Nightfall and Night  

Edward Young  from The Complaint  

William Collins  Ode to Evening  • Ode Occasioned by the Death of Mr. Thomson  

William Cowper  from The Task  

 

THOMAS GRAY

Sonnet on the Death of Mr. Richard West  

Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College  

Ode on the Death of a Favorite Cat, Drowned in a  Tub of Gold Fishes  

Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard  

 

SAMUEL JOHNSON

The Vanity of Human Wishes  

A Short Song of Congratulation  

On the Death of Dr. Robert Levet  

The Rambler  

No. 4 [On Fiction]  

No. 5 [On Spring]  

No. 60 [On Biography]  

No. 170 [On Misella, a Prostitute]  

No. 171 [Misella Continues]  

No. 207 [Beginnings, Middles, and Ends]  

The Idler  

No. 31 [On Idleness]  

No. 32 [On Sleep]  

No. 84 [On Autobiography]  

No. 97 [On Travel Writing]  

A Dictionary of the English Language  

from Preface  

[Some Entries]  

from The History of Rasselas, Prince of Abyssinia  

Chapter 8. The History of Imlac  

Chapter 9. The History of Imlac Continued  

Chapter 10. Imlac’s History Continued. A Dissertation upon Poetry  

Chapter 11. Imlac’s Narrative Continued. A Hint on Pilgrimage  

Chapter 12. The Story of Imlac Continued  

from The Plays of William Shakespeare  

Preface  

[“Just Representations of General Nature”]  

[Faults; The Unities]  

[Selected Notes on Othello]  

Lives of the Poets  

from The Life of Milton  

from The Life of Pope  

Letters  

To Lord Chesterfield (7 February 1755)  

To Hester Thrale (19 June 1783)  

To Hester Thrale Piozzi (2 July 1784)  

To Hester Thrale Piozzi (8 July 1784)  

 

JAMES BOSWELL

from London Journal  

[A Scot in London]  

[Louisa]  

[First Meeting with Johnson]  

An Account of My Last Interview with David Hume, Esq.  

from The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D.  

[Introduction; Boswell’s Method]  

[Conversations about Hume]  

[Dinner with Wilkes]  

[Conversations at Streatham and the Club]  

 

OLIVER GOLDSMITH

The Deserted Village  

Responses

George Crabbe: from The Village  

George Crabbe: from The Parish Register  

 

PERSPECTIVES: NOVEL GUISES

Daniel Defoe  

from The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe  

Eliza Haywood  

Fantomina: Or, Love in a Maze  

Samuel Richardson  

from Clarissa. Or, The History of a Young Lady  

from The History of Sir Charles Grandison, Baronet  

Henry Fielding  

from An Apology for the Life of Mrs. Shamela Andrews  

Laurence Sterne  

from The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman  

Frances Burney  

from The Early Journals  

from Evelina; or, the History of a Young Lady’s Entrance into the World Evelina to the Reverend Mr. Villars

 

Credits 

Index

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