This new work presents a comprehensive approach to an age old disruption of the order of the oceans that was known to ancient Greece, Persia, the first Indian Empire, the Han Dynasty of China and the early European maritime powers. Many of the norms proscribing piratical acts that are codified in contemporary international law are vestiges of those earlier periods. Yet contemporary maritime piracy is more complex and intense. The International Maritime Bureau of the International Chamber of Commerce reported 439 reports of actual piracy attacks in 2011, most Somali based, and a higher number of attempts. This book presents perspectives on the problem by contributors from four continents, diverse legal cultures, and multiple disciplines. This volume appraises piracy from the comparative perspectives of those disciplines and from the standpoint of key participants in the social processes that are plagued by piracy-mariners, navies, ship owners and operators, policy makers and lawyers. Decision-making and operational measures cannot be separated from piracy's origins and continuing social impact. Thus the contributors bring clarity to the problem through the lenses of history, development, law, maritime security, fisheries, economics and ocean commerce. Maritime piracy initiatives are generating a great number of operational and institutional counter-measures and the diversity of stakeholder interests often complicates proposed solutions. Against that backdrop the contributors examine strategies - the range of available modalities to address and correct the problem - through the lenses of naval power, port state control, penal systems and development. And they appraise law - both national and international authoritative decision-making - viewing state practice, international regulations, tribunal judgments, custom and international conventions from the comparative perspectives of Africa, India, England, France and the United States. Piracy in Comparative Perspective is a collaboration of the Centre for Maritime and Oceanic Law (CDMO) of the University of Nantes (France) and the Center for Oceans and Coastal Law of the University of Maine School of Law (United States), prepared under the direction of Professor Charles H. NORCHI and Dr. Gwena¿le PROUTIERE-MAULION.
The Piracy Problem: The Puntland Perspective The President of Puntland State of Somalia His Excellency Abdirahman Mohamed MOHAMUD (FAROLE) Introduction Piracy in Comparative Perspective I. The Problem and the Trends 1. The Enemy of All Mankind Dominique GAURIER 2. Plague of Pirates - A Primer Tom TULLOCH 3. The Tuna Fishery and Piracy E. CHASSOT, P. GUILLOTREAU, D. KAPLAN, T. VALL¿E 4. Concerns, Consequences, and Resolutions to Somali Piracy Martin MURPHY II. Participants and Perspectives 5. Seafarers: Piracy Protection Patrick CHAUMETTE 6. Shipowners: the Piracy Challenge Simon DELFAU 7. The Shipping Industry and Piracy Arthur BOWRING and Alexander MCKINNON 8. The Indian Subcontinent and Counter-Piracy: The Indian Perspective Fozia NAZIR LONE 9. Perspectives From Central and West Africa Claude KIRONGOZI ICHALANGA III. Strategies 10. Comparative Counter-Piracy Strategy: European, American, African, and Asian Approaches James KRASKA 11. Operation Atalanta C¿dric LEBOEUF 12. Port State Control Z. OYA ¿Z¿AYIR 13. The Global Insurance Industry Poomintr SOOKSRIPAISARNKIT 14. The Role of Media and Communications Edward GIRARDET IV. Law 15. Challenges of Jurisdiction and Prosecution Michael J. STEPEK 16. The New French Law on Piracy Val¿rie BOR¿ EVENO 17. United States Law on Piracy Timothy STEIGELMAN 18. A Holistic Approach to Piracy: Toward a Public Order of Human Dignity through Corporate Social Responsibility Gwena¿le PROUTI¿RE-MAULION Conclusion Piracy and the Public Order of the Oceans Charles H. NORCHI