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T&T Clark Handbook to Early Christian Meals in the Greco-Roman World, 1st edition

Published by T & T Clark International (February 21st 2019) - Copyright © 2019

1st edition

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Overview

Meals are a highly significant element in the development of Christian identity. In this handbook Soham Al-Suadi and Peter-Ben Smit present chapters that situate early Christian meals in their broader context, with a focus on the core topics that will help us to understand Greco-Roman meal practice and how this relates to Christian origins. The issues covered include: the role of gender during meals; issues of monotheism and polytheism that arise from the structure of the meal; how sacrifice is understood in different meal practices; power dynamics during the meal and issues of inclusion and exclusion at meals. In addition to looking at the broader Hellenistic context the chapters explain the unique nature of Christian meals, and what this says about early Christian communities. The handbook is structured around the key primary resources, with the literary, historical, theological and philosophical aspects of these resources being considered in turn. The handbook begins with Hellenistic documents/authors before moving on to the New Testament material itself according to genre (Gospels, Acts, Letters, Apocalyptic Literature). Finally, there is a section on the wider resources that describe daily life in the period (medical documents, inscriptions). This structure enables the editors and contributors to present an analysis of the social values exhibited at meals and their significance for early Christian theology.

Table of contents

Preface Acknowledgements List of Abbreviations Introduction, Soham Al-Suadi, University of Bern, Switzerland and Peter-Ben Smit, VU University, the Netherlands Part I. Ancient Authors and Texts 1. Philo, Maren Niehoff, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel 2. Josephus, Volker Siegert and Jan Willem van Henten, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands 3. Plutarch, Rainer Hirsch-Luipold, University of Bern, Switzerland 4. Qumran, J¿rg Frey, University of Zurich, Switzerland 5. Nag Hammadi, Maia Kotrosits, Westar Institute, USA 6. Apostolic Fathers, Matthias Klinghardt, Technische Universit¿t Dresden, Germany and Andrew McGowan, Yale Divinity School, USA 7. Rabbinic Texts, Eric Ottenheijm, Utrecht University, the Netherlands and Susan Marks, New College of Florida, USA Part II. Gospel Tradition 8. Gospel of Mark, Martin Ebner, University of W¿rzburg, Germany 9. Gospel of Luke, Peter-Ben Smit, Utrecht University, the Netherlands 10. Gospel of Matthew, Hal Taussig, Westar Institute, USA 11. Gospel of John, Esther Kobel, University of Basel, Switzerland 12. Apocryphal Gospels Part III. Acts 13. Acts of the Apostles, Dennis Smith, Westar Institute, USA 14. Apocryphal Acts, Annette Merz, Utrecht University, the Netherlands 15. Joseph and Asenath, Angela Standhartinger, University of Marburg, Germany Part IV. Epistolary Literature 16. Epistolary Literature other than Paul, Hans-Joachim Eckstein, University of T¿bingen, Germany 17. Pauline Letters, Soham Al-Suadi, University of Bern, Switzerland and Kathy Ehrensperger, University of Wales Trinity St David, UK 18. Johannine Letters, Jan Sch¿fer, Princeton University, USA Part V. Apocalyptic Literature 19. 4 Ezra, Claudia Bergmann, University of Chicago, USA 20. Book of Revelation, Markus Oehler, University of Vienna, Austria 21. 2 Enoch Part VI. Texts of Daily Life 22. Magical Texts, Fritz Graf, Ohio State University, USA 23. Medical Texts, Teun Tieleman, Utrecht University, the Netherlands 24. Inscriptions, Richard Ascough, Queen's University, Canada Bibliography Index

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