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Overview

For courses in victimology and criminal justice.

Combining theory with responses to victimization
Understanding Violence and Victimization explores the various forms of violence and their profound impact on victims across settings — at home, in the community, or as a result of personal assault or abuse. Drawing on extensive field experience, Meadows provides theory and recommendations, and contextualizes the diverse influences on violence and victimization — from social and legal responses, to the offender’s role. More practical than theoretical, the 7th edition features updates across all chapters reflecting current issues and developments in the field. It includes a new chapter on firearms and victimization, and new analysis and resources covering victim laws and rights.

Table of contents

CHAPTER 1: MEASURING AND UNDERSTANDING VIOLENCE
Learning Objectives
Introduction
The Fear of Violent Crime
    Fear and Effect of Violent Crime
Crime Data
    Sources of Data on Victimization
    Violent Crime Reporting and Statistics
    National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime (NCAVC)
    Violent Criminal Apprehension Program (VICAP)
    Law Enforcement Officers Killed or Assaulted on Duty
    Understanding Violence
Influences of Violence
    Individual Influences
    Familial Influences
    Community Influences
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Discussion Questions and Learning Activities
Web Sources
Recommended Readings
References

CHAPTER 2: VICTIMIZATION THEORY
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Impact of Victimization
    Culture of Victimization
    Review of Early Victimization Theory
    Hentig’s Victim Classification
    Mendelsohn’s Typology
    Sellin and Wolfgang’s Typology of Victimization
Modern Victimization Theories
    Cultural Trappings
    Victim Precipitation Theory
    Spatial Relations
New Technology
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Discussion Questions and Learning Activities
Web Sources
Recommended Readings
References

CHAPTER 3: VICTIMS OF FAMILIAL VIOLENCE
Learning Objectives
Introduction
The Stalking Problem
    Antistalking Legislation
    Federal Law on Stalking
    The Psychological and Social Consequences of Stalking
Intimate Partner Violence
    Extended Victims of Partner Violence
    Explaining Partner Violence
    Recognizing a Potentially Abusive Partner
The Law and Domestic Violence
    Developments in the States
    The Federal Crime Control Act and Domestic Violence
Elder Abuse and Neglect
    Nursing Home Negligence
Child Abuse and Neglect
Victims of Rape and Sexual Violence
    Statutory Rape
    Marital Rape
    Date Rape and Dating Violence
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Discussion Questions and Learning Activities
Web Sources
Recommended Readings
References

CHAPTER 4: NONFAMILIAL VIOLENCE AND VICTIMIZATION
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Robbery
    Home Invasion Robbery
    Carjacking
Murders and Assaults by Strangers
    Spontaneous Murders
    Directed Targets
Bias and Hate-Motivated Crimes
    Hate and Bias Crime Legislation
Terrorism
    Domestic and International Terrorism
    Victims of Terrorism
    Motives of Violence
    Violence Dissemination
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Discussion Questions and Learning Activities
Web Sources
Recommended Readings
References

CHAPTER 5: INSTITUTIONAL AND WORKPLACE VIOLENCE
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Overview of Institutional and Workplace Violence
Institutional Homicides
Categorization of Institutional and Workplace Violence
Sources of Workplace Violence
Warning Signs of Violence
Bullying in the Workplace
Employer Liability for Institutional Victimization
Sexual Harassment and Legal Liability
Reducing the Violence Threat: the Targeted Human Resource
Approach
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Discussion Questions and Learning Activities
Web Sources
Recommended Readings
References

CHAPTER 6: SCHOOL VIOLENCE AND VICTIMIZATION
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Research on School Crime and Violence
Teachers At Risk
Explaining School Violence
Early Warning Signs of Violent Behavior
    Bullying
    Gangs and Schools
    Other Behavioral Warning Signs
Responding to School Violence
Zero Tolerance
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Discussion Questions and Learning Activities
Web Sources
Recommended Readings
References

CHAPTER 7: CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND INJUSTICE
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Sources of Injustice
Is the Justice System Broken?
The Police
    Remedies for Police Injustice
Prosecution and the Judicial Process
Crime Legislation, Sentencing, and Injustice
Three Strikes Law and Mandatory Minimums
Enforcing Laws: Sanctuary Cities Crime and Illegal Immigration
Felony Murder Rule
Sex Registration Laws
Corrections
    Community Corrections
    Early Release and Realignment
Prison Victimization
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Discussion Questions and Learning Activities
Web Sources
Recommended Readings
References

CHAPTER 8: HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND VICTIMIZATION
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Scope of Human Trafficking
Victims of Sex Trafficking
The Refugee Crisis and Trafficking
Sex Trafficking in the United States
Other Consequences of Sex Trafficking Victims
Labor Trafficking
Bonded Labor
Debt Bondage Among Migrant Laborers
Involuntary Domestic Servitude
Forced Child Labor
Child Soldiers
Laws Prohibiting Human Trafficking
Responding to Human Trafficking
T Nonimmigrant Status (T Visa)
U Nonimmigrant Status (U Visa)
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Discussion Questions and Learning Activities
Web Sources
Recommended Readings
References

CHAPTER 9: FIREARMS AND VICTIMIZATION
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Gun Laws
    The States
    Federal Laws
    The Bad of Guns
    Source of Illegal Guns
    Summary
Notes
Key Terms and Concepts
Discussion Questions and Learning
Activities
Web Sources
Recommended Readings
References

CHAPTER 10: RESPONDING TO CRIMINAL VICTIMIZATION
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Proactive Responses
    Community Violence Prevention Strategies
    Security and Protection Measures
    Environmental Criminology
Reactive Responses to Victimization
    Victim Rights and Compensation Programs
    Additional Legislation
Sexual Offender Notification Laws
    Sexually Violent Predator Act
    Antigang Legislation
    Gang Injunctions
    Crime Control Legislation in 2000 and Beyond
Victim Advocacy Groups
Civil Justice for Victims
Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Discussion Questions and Learning Activities
Web Sources
Recommended Readings
References

Appendices
A. Major Sources of Victimization Data and Information
B. Resource Guide
C. Victimization Checklist

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