## Table of Contents

**NOTE: CHS 36-44 NOT FINAL; TOC TAKEN FROM PSE3**

CHAPTER 36: SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY

36-1 Galilean—Newtonian Relativity

*36-2 The Michelson-Morley Experiment

36-3 Postulates of the Special Theory of Relativity

36-4 Simultaneity

36-5 Time Dilation and the Twin Paradox

36-6 Length Contraction

36-7 Four-Dimensional Space-Time

36-8 Galilean and Lorentz Transformations

36-9 Relativistic Momentum and Mass

36-10 The Ultimate Speed

36-11 Energy and Mass; *E=mc*^{2}

36-12 Doppler Shift for Light

36-13 The Impact of Special Relativity

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 37: EARLY QUANTUM THEORY AND MODELS OF THE ATOM

37-1 Planck’s Quantum Hypothesis

37-2 Photon Theory of Light and the Photoelectric Effect

37-3 Photons and the Compton Effect

37-4 Photon Interactions; Pair Production

37-5 Wave-Particle Duality; the Principle of Complementarity

37-6 Wave Nature of Matter

*37-7 Electron Microscopes

37-8 Early Models of the Atom

37-9 Atomic Spectra: Key to the Structure of the Atom

37-10 The Bohr Model

37-11 DeBroglie’s Hypothesis Applied to Atoms

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 38: QUANTUM MECHANICS

38-1 Quantum Mechanics—A New Theory

38-2 The Wave Function and Its Interpretation; the Double-Slit Experiment

38-3 The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle

38-4 Philosophic Implications; Probability Versus Determinism

38-5 The Schrodinger Equation in One Dimension—Time-Independent Form

*38-6 Time-Dependent Schrodinger Equation

38-7 Free Particles; Plane Waves and Wave Packets

38-8 Particle in an Infinitely Deep Square Well Potential (a Rigid Box)

*38-9 Finite Potential Well

38-10 Tunneling through a Barrier

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 39: QUANTUM MECHANICS OF ATOMS

39-1 Quantum-Mechanical View of Atoms

39-2 Hydrogen Atom: Schrodinger Equation and Quantum Numbers

39-3 Hydrogen Atom Wave Functions

39-4 Complex Atoms; the Exclusion Principle

39-5 The Periodic Table of Elements

39-6 X-Ray Spectra and Atomic Number

*39-7 Magnetic Dipole Moments; Total Angular Momentum

*39-8 Fluorescence and Phosphorescence

*39-9 Lasers

*39-10 Holography

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 40: MOLECULES AND SOLIDS

40-1 Bonding in Molecules

40-2 Potential-Energy Diagrams for Molecules

40-3 Weak (van der Waals) Bonds

40-4 Molecular Spectra

40-5 Bonding in Solids

40-6 Free-Electron Theory of Metals

40-7 Band Theory of Solids

40-8 Semiconductors and Doping

*40-9 Semiconductor Diodes

*40-10 Transistors and Integrated Circuits

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 41: NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIOACTIVITY

41-1 Structure and Properties of the Nucleus

41-2 Binding Energy and Nuclear Forces

41-3 Radioactivity

41-4 Alpha Decay

41-5 Beta Decay

41-6 Gamma Decay

41-7 Conservation of Nucleon Number and Other Conservation Laws

41-8 Half-Life and Rate of Decay

41-9 Decay Series

41-10 Radioactive Dating

41-11 Detection of Radiation

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 42: NUCLEAR ENERGY: EFECTS AND USES OF RADIATION

42-1 Nuclear Reactions and the Transmutations of Elements

42-2 Cross Section

42-3 Nuclear Fission; Nuclear Reactors

42-4 Fusion

42-5 Passage of radiation through matter; Radiation Damage

42-6 Measurement of Radiation—Dosimetry

*42-7 Radiation Therapy

*42-8 Tracers

*42-9 Imaging by Tomography: CAT Scans, and Emission Tomography

*42-10 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 43: ELEMENTARY PARTICLES

43-1 High-Energy Particles

43-2 Particle Accelerators and Detectors

43-3 Beginnings of Elementary Particle Physics–Particle Exchange

43-4 Particles and Antiparticles

43-5 Particle Interactions and Conservation Laws

43-6 Particle Classification

43-7 Particle Stability and Resonances

43-8 Strange Particles

43-9 Quarks

43-10 The “Standard Model”: Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) and the Electroweak Theory

43-11 Grand Unified Theories

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS

CHAPTER 44: ASTROPHYSICS AND COSMOLOGY

44-1 Stars and Galaxies

44-2 Stellar Evolution; the Birth and Death of Stars

44-3 General Relativity: Gravity and the Curvature of Space

44-4 The Expanding Universe

44-5 The Big Bang and the Cosmic Microwave Background

44-6 The Standard Cosmological Model: Early History of the Universe

44-7 The Future of the Universe?

SUMMARY

QUESTIONS

PROBLEMS

GENERAL PROBLEMS