DescriptionFor undergraduate Mechanics of Materials courses in Mechanical, Civil, and Aerospace Engineering departments.
Containing Hibbeler’s hallmark student-oriented features, this text is in four-color with a photorealistic art program designed to help students visualize difficult concepts. A clear, concise writing style and more examples than any other text further contribute to students’ ability to master the material.
This edition is available with MasteringEngineering, an innovative online program created to emulate the instructor’s office–hour environment, guiding students through engineering concepts from Mechanics of Materials with self-paced individualized coaching.
Note: If you are purchasing the standalone text or electronic version, MasteringEngineering does not come automatically packaged with the text. To purchase MasteringEngineering, please visit: masteringengineering.com or you can purchase a package of the physical text + MasteringEngineering by searching the Pearson Higher Education website. Mastering is not a self-paced technology and should only be purchased when required by an instructor.
Teaching and Learning Experience
To provide a better teaching and learning experience, for both instructors and students, this program will provide:
- Individualized Coaching: Available with MasteringEngineering, an online program that emulates the instructor’s office—hour environment using self-paced individualized coaching.
- Problem Solving: A large variety of problem types from a broad range of engineering disciplines, stress practical, realistic situations encountered in professional practice, varying levels of difficulty, and problems that involve solution by computer.
- Visualization: This text is in four-color with a photorealistic art program designed to help students visualize difficult concepts.
- Review and Student Support: A thorough end of chapter review provides students with a concise tool for reviewing chapter contents.
- Accuracy: The accuracy of the text and problem solutions has been thoroughly checked by four other parties.
MasteringEngineering is an innovative online program created to emulate the instructor’s office—hour environment, guiding students through engineering concepts from Mechanics of Materials with self-paced individualized coaching.
- Self-paced tutorials provide students with answer-specific feedback and personal instruction.
- All end-of-section and tutorial homework problems have been tagged to ABET Learning Outcomes A, E, and K.
- Video Solutions–complete, step-by-step solution walkthroughs of representative homework problems from the textbook–are assignable to offer students more visual learning opportunities. Video Solutions provide additional assistance for students with homework or preparing for an exam, offering hours of valuable review when students need help the most.
- Note: If you are purchasing the standalone text or electronic version, MasteringEngineering does not come automatically packaged with the text. To purchase MasteringEngineering, please visit: masteringengineering.com or you can purchase a package of the physical text + MasteringEngineering by searching the Pearson Higher Education website. Mastering is not a self-paced technology and should only be purchased when required by an instructor.
R.C. Hibbeler’s text features a large variety of problem types from a broad range of engineering disciplines, stressing practical, realistic situations encountered in professional practice, varying levels of difficulty, and problems that involve solution by computer.
- Fundamental Problems. These problem sets follow the example problems. They offer students simple applications of the concepts and, therefore, provide them with the chance to develop their problem-solving skills before attempting to solve any of the standard problems that follow. You may consider these problems as extended examples since they all have partial solutions and answers that are given in the back of the book. Additionally, when assigned, these problems offer students an excellent means of preparing for exams, and they can be used at a later time as a review when studying for the Fundamentals of Engineering Exam.
- Conceptual Problems. Throughout the text, usually at the end of each chapter, there is a set of problems that involve conceptual situations related to the application of the mechanics principles contained in the chapter. These analysis and design problems are intended to engage the students in thinking through a real-life situation as depicted in a photo.
- Procedures for Analysis. This feature provides students with a logical and orderly method for applying theory and building problem solving skills. A general procedure for analyzing any mechanical problem is presented at the end of the first chapter. Then this procedure is customized to relate to specific types of problems that are covered throughout the book.
- Examples. Designed to help students who “learn by example”, R.C. Hibbeler’s Examples illustrate the application of fundamental theory to practical engineering problems and reflect problem solving strategies discussed in associated Procedures for Analysis.
- Important Points. This feature provides a review or summary of the most important concepts in a section and highlights the most significant points that should be realized when applying the theory to solve problems.
- Video Solutions. Developed by Professor Edward Berger, University of Virginia, Video Solutions are located on the Companion Website for the text and offer step-by-step solution walkthroughs of representative homework problems from each section of the text.
- PhotoRealistic Art. 3D figures rendered with photographic quality
- Photographs. Many photographs are used throughout the book to explain how the principles of mechanics apply to real-world situation. Most photographs were taken by the author, and include appropriate vectors and notation illustrating a mechanics concept.
- Illustrations. These figures provide a strong connection to the 3-D nature of engineering. Particular attention has also been paid to providing a view of any physical object, its dimensions, and the vectors in a manner that can be easily understood.
REVIEW AND STUDENT SUPPORT
- End of Chapter Review. A thorough end of chapter review includes each important point accompanied by the relevant equation and art from the chapter providing the students a concise tool for reviewing chapter contents.
- MasteringEngineering. The most technologically advanced online tutorial and homework system. MasteringEngineering is designed to provide students with customized coaching and individualized feedback to help improve problem-solving skills while providing instructors with rich teaching diagnostics.
- Companion Website. Contains an abundance of additional resources for students, an access code to the site, located at www.pearsonhighered.com/hibbeler is included with the purchase of every new book or can be purchased separately at the website. Resources include:
- Pearson eText, which is a complete online version of the book that includes highlighting, note-taking, and search capabilities.
- Video Solutions that provide complete, step-by-step solution walkthroughs of representative homework problems from each chapter.
ACCURACYAs with the previous editions, apart from the author, the accuracy of the text and problem solutions has been thoroughly checked by four other parties: Scott Hendricks, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; Karim Nohra, University of South Florida; Kurt Norlin, Laurel Tech Integrated Publishing Services; and finally Kai Beng, a practicing engineer, who in addition to accuracy review provided content development suggestions.
New to This Edition
- Preliminary Problems. This feature can be found throughout the text, and is given just before the Fundamental Problems. The intent here is to test the student’s conceptual understanding of the theory. Normally the solutions require little or no calculation, and as such, these problems provide a basic understanding of the concepts before they are applied numerically. All the solutions are given in the back of the text.
- Updated Examples. Some portions of the text have been rewritten in order to enhance clarity and be more succinct. In this regard, some new examples have been added and others have been modified to provide more emphasis on the application of important concepts. Included is application of the LRFD method of design, and use of A992 steel for structural applications. Also, the artwork has been improved throughout the book to support these changes.
- New Photos. The relevance of knowing the subject matter is reflected by the real-world applications depicted in over 30 new or updated photos placed throughout the book. These photos generally are used to explain how the relevant principles apply to real-world situations and how materials behave under load.
- Additional Fundamental Problems. These problem sets are located just after each group of example problems. In this edition they have been expanded. They offer students simple applications of the concepts covered in each section and, therefore, provide them with the chance to develop their problem-solving skills before attempting to solve any of the standard problems that follow. The fundamental problems may be considered as extended examples, since the key equations and answers are all listed in the back of the book. Additionally, when assigned, these problems offer students an excellent means of preparing for exams, and they can be used at a later time as a review when studying for the Fundamentals of Engineering Exam.
- Additional Conceptual Problems. Throughout the text, usually at the end of each chapter, there is a set of problems that involve conceptual situations related to the application of the principles contained in the chapter. These analysis and design problems are intended to engage the students in thinking through a real-life situation as depicted in a photo. They can be assigned after the students have developed some expertise in the subject matter and they work well either for individual or team projects.
- New Problems. There are approximately 31%, or about 460, new problems added to this edition, which involve applications to many different fields of engineering.
Table of Contents
1 Stress 3
Chapter Objectives 3
1.1 Introduction 3
1.2 Equilibrium of a Deformable Body 4
1.3 Stress 22
1.4 Average Normal Stress in an Axially Loaded Bar 24
1.5 Average Shear Stress 32
1.6 Allowable Stress Design 46
1.7 Limit State Design 48
2 Strain 67
Chapter Objectives 67
2.1 Deformation 67
2.2 Strain 68
3 Mechanical Properties of Materials 83
Chapter Objectives 83
3.1 The Tension and Compression Test 83
3.2 The Stress—Strain Diagram 85
3.3 Stress—Strain Behavior of Ductile and Brittle Materials 89
3.4 Hooke’s Law 92
3.5 Strain Energy 94
3.6 Poisson’s Ratio 104
3.7 The Shear Stress—Strain Diagram 106
*3.8 Failure of Materials Due to Creep and Fatigue 109
4 Axial Load 121
Chapter Objectives 121
4.1 Saint-Venant’s Principle 121
4.2 Elastic Deformation of an Axially Loaded Member 124
4.3 Principle of Superposition 138
4.4 Statically Indeterminate Axially Loaded Member 139
4.5 The Force Method of Analysis for Axially Loaded Members 145
4.6 Thermal Stress 153
4.7 Stress Concentrations 160
*4.8 Inelastic Axial Deformation 164
*4.9 Residual Stress 166
5 Torsion 181
Chapter Objectives 181
5.1 Torsional Deformation of a Circular Shaft 181
5.2 The Torsion Formula 184
5.3 Power Transmission 192
5.4 Angle of Twist 204
5.5 Statically Indeterminate Torque-Loaded Members 218
*5.6 Solid Noncircular Shafts 225
*5.7 Thin-Walled Tubes Having Closed Cross Sections 228
5.8 Stress Concentration 238
*5.9 Inelastic Torsion 241
*5.10 Residual Stress 243
6 Bending 259
Chapter Objectives 259
6.1 Shear and Moment Diagrams 259
6.2 Graphical Method for Constructing Shear and Moment Diagrams 266
6.3 Bending Deformation of a Straight Member 285
6.4 The Flexure Formula 289
6.5 Unsymmetric Bending 306
*6.6 Composite Beams 316
*6.7 Reinforced Concrete Beams 319
*6.8 Curved Beams 323
6.9 Stress Concentrations 330
*6.10 Inelastic Bending 339
7 Transverse Shear 363
Chapter Objectives 363
7.1 Shear in Straight Members 363
7.2 The Shear Formula 365
7.3 Shear Flow in Built-Up Members 382
7.4 Shear Flow in Thin-Walled Members 391
*7.5 Shear Center for Open Thin-Walled Members 396
8 Combined Loadings 409
Chapter Objectives 409
8.1 Thin-Walled Pressure Vessels 409
8.2 State of Stress Caused by Combined Loadings 416
9 Stress Transformation 441
Chapter Objectives 441
9.1 Plane-Stress Transformation 441
9.2 General Equations of Plane-Stress Transformation 446
9.3 Principal Stresses and Maximum In-Plane Shear Stress 449
9.4 Mohr’s Circle–Plane Stress 465
9.5 Absolute Maximum Shear Stress 477
10 Strain Transformation 489
Chapter Objectives 489
10.1 Plane Strain 489
10.2 General Equations of Plane-Strain Transformation 490
*10.3 Mohr’s Circle–Plane Strain 498
*10.4 Absolute Maximum Shear Strain 506
10.5 Strain Rosettes 508
10.6 Material-Property Relationships 512
*10.7 Theories of Failure 524
11 Design of Beams and Shafts 541
Chapter Objectives 541
11.1 Basis for Beam Design 541
11.2 Prismatic Beam Design 544
*11.3 Fully Stressed Beams 558
*11.4 Shaft Design 562
12 Deflection of Beams and Shafts 573
Chapter Objectives 573
12.1 The Elastic Curve 573
12.2 Slope and Displacement by Integration 577
*12.3 Discontinuity Functions 597
*12.4 Slope and Displacement by the Moment-Area Method 608
12.5 Method of Superposition 623
12.6 Statically Indeterminate Beams and Shafts 631
12.7 Statically Indeterminate Beams and Shafts–Method of Integration 632
*12.8 Statically Indeterminate Beams and Shafts–Moment-Area Method 637
12.9 Statically Indeterminate Beams and Shafts–Method of Superposition 643
13 Buckling of Columns 661
Chapter Objectives 661
13.1 Critical Load 661
13.2 Ideal Column with Pin Supports 664
13.3 Columns Having Various Types of Supports 670
*13.4 The Secant Formula 682
*13.5 Inelastic Buckling 688
*13.6 Design of Columns for Concentric Loading 696
*13.7 Design of Columns for Eccentric Loading 707
14 Energy Methods 719
Chapter Objectives 719
14.1 External Work and Strain Energy 719
14.2 Elastic Strain Energy for Various Types of Loading 724
14.3 Conservation of Energy 737
14.4 Impact Loading 744
*14.5 Principle of Virtual Work 755
*14.6 Method of Virtual Forces Applied to Trusses 759
*14.7 Method of Virtual Forces Applied to Beams 766
*14.8 Castigliano’s Theorem 775
*14.9 Castigliano’s Theorem Applied to Trusses 777
*14.10 Castigliano’s Theorem Applied to Beams 780
A. Geometric Properties of an Area
B. Geometric Properties of Structural Shapes
C. Slopes and Deflections of Beams
Fundamental Problems Partial Solutions and Answers
Answers for Selected Problems
(*) Sections of the book that contain more advanced material are indicated by a star. Time permitting, some of these topics may be included in the course. Furthermore, this material provides a suitable reference for basic principles when it is covered in other courses, and it can be used as a basis for assigning special projects.
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About the Author(s)
R.C. Hibbeler graduated from the University of Illinois at Urbana with a BS in Civil Engineering (major in Structures) and an MS in Nuclear Engineering. He obtained his PhD in Theoretical and Applied Mechanics from Northwestern University.
Hibbeler’s professional experience includes postdoctoral work in reactor safety and analysis at Argonne National Laboratory, and structural and stress analysis work at Chicago Bridge and Iron, as well as Sargent and Lundy in Chicago. He has practiced engineering in Ohio, New York, and Louisiana.
Hibbeler currently teaches both civil and mechanical engineering courses at the University of Louisiana, Lafayette. In the past he has taught at the University of Illinois at Urbana, Youngstown State University, Illinois Institute of Technology, and Union College.
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