Criminal Investigation, 2nd Edition
©2008 |Pearson | Out of print
Steven G. Brandl, University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee
©2008 |Pearson | Out of print
Criminal Investigation is based on the fundamental premise that an understanding of criminal evidence is the foundation upon which all other knowledge of criminal investigation should be built. Other texts focus primarily on the techniques of evidence collection but in so doing, they miss other very important material — namely, the value of evidence in establishing proof — that may only be covered in college-level criminal investigation courses. Criminal Investigation examines the problems, strengths, and weaknesses of various forms of evidence, and explains why proper evidence collection procedures are important. An understanding of these issues requires thorough analysis of them. It is in these ways that Criminal Investigation provides an analytical perspective.
- Includes an in-depth review of legal cases that impact the way criminal investigations are conducted (Ch. 5).
- Provides a review of research findings regarding the most important and complex investigative procedures and evidence.
- Features separate chapters on interviews (Ch. 7) and interrogations (Ch. 8) to focus on the role of eyewitness evidence and confessions in establishing proof.
- Devotes separate chapters to particular issues associated with the investigation of violent crimes (Ch. 11) and property crimes (Ch. 12).
- Provides an interesting discussion regarding the future of criminal investigations (Chapter 14).
1. The Investigation of Crime.
Criminal Investigation and Evidence Defined.
Types of Criminal Investigations.
Information Theory and the Criminal Investigation Process.
The Role of Chance, Accident, and Discovery in Criminal Investigations.
The Role of Logic, Analysis, and Inference in Criminal Investigations.
Criminal Investigation in the Context of the Criminal Justice System.
Levels of Investigations.
2. The History of Criminal Investigation.
The Importance of History in Understanding the Present and Future.
The Evolution of the Investigative Task: English Developments.
The Evolution of the Investigative Task: American Developments.
What Comes Next?
3. The Structure and Content of Criminal Investigations.
Forms of Police Action.
Stages of the Reactive Criminal Investigation Process.
Other Reactive Investigative Strategies.
Outcomes of Reactive Investigations.
Outcomes of Undercover Investigations.
Other Proactive Strategies.
Outcomes of Other Proactive Strategies.
4. The Role of Evidence in Criminal Investigations.
The Meaning of Criminal Evidence.
Standards of Proof.
Types of Evidence.
The Functions of Evidence.
5. The Law and Criminal Investigations.
Important U.S. Supreme Court Cases.
Basic Legal Terminology.
The Rules and Admissibility of Evidence.
Constitutional Constraints on the Collection of Evidence.
6. Physical Evidence.
The Role of Physical Evidence in the Criminal Investigation Process.
The Role of Physical Evidence in the Criminal Justice Process.
The Crime Scene and Associated Procedures.
Types of Physical Evidence.
DNA Analysis and Its Impact on the Usefulness of Physical Evidence.
The Role of Crime Laboratories in Criminal Investigations.
Types of Witnesses.
Types of Information Obtained from Witnesses.
Methods of Eyewitness Identification.
Value of Eyewitness Identifications in Establishing Proof.
The Memory Process and the Identification Task.
Why Is Eyewitness Identification Evidence often Inaccurate?
Guidelines for the Collection of Eyewitness Evidence.
Investigative Tools in Interviewing.
The Psychology of Persuasion.
The Role of Police Deception in Interrogations.
The Ingredients of a Successful Interrogation.
Steps in the Interrogation of Suspects.
The Issue of False Confessions.
Investigative Tools in Recognizing Deception.
9. Behavioral Evidence.
10. Other Sources of Information.
The General Public as a Source of Information in Criminal Investigations.
Crime Analysis and Mapping.
Computer Data Bases and Information Networks.
11. Issues in the Investigation of Violent Crime.
Rape and Other Assaults.
Kidnapping and Other Abductions.
12. Issues in the Investigation of Property and Other Crimes.
13. The Documentation and Presentation of Evidence.
The Adversarial Process.
Reasons for Errors in Justice Outcomes.
The Role of Investigative Reports.
The Role of Testimony in Court.
The Role of the Jury.
14. The Future of Policing, Crime Detection, and Criminal Investigation.
History as a Guide to the Future of Policing.
The History of Policing.
The Future of the Police.
Technology and the Future of Crime Detection and Criminal Investigation.
The Implications of Technology on Policing, Crime Detection, and Criminal Investigation.
Court Cases Cited.
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