## Table of Contents

**1. Functions**

1.1 Review of Functions

1.2 Representing Functions

1.3 Inverse, Exponential, and Logarithmic Functions

1.4 Trigonometric Functions and Their Inverses

Review Exercises

**2. Limits**

2.1 The Idea of Limits

2.2 Definitions of Limits

2.3 Techniques for Computing Limits

2.4 Infinite Limits

2.5 Limits at Infinity

2.6 Continuity

2.7 Precise Definitions of Limits

Review Exercises

**3. Derivatives**

3.1 Introducing the Derivative

3.2 The Derivative as a Function

3.3 Rules of Differentiation

3.4 The Product and Quotient Rules

3.5 Derivatives of Trigonometric Functions

3.6 Derivatives as Rates of Change

3.7 The Chain Rule

3.8 Implicit Differentiation

3.9 Derivatives of Logarithmic and Exponential Functions

3.10 Derivatives of Inverse Trigonometric Functions

3.11 Related Rates

Review Exercises

**4. Applications of the Derivative**

4.1 Maxima and Minima

4.2 Mean Value Theorem

4.3 What Derivatives Tell Us

4.4 Graphing Functions

4.5 Optimization Problems

4.6 Linear Approximation and Differentials

4.7 L’Hôpital’s Rule

4.8 Newton’s Method

4.9 Antiderivatives

Review Exercises

**5. Integration**

5.1 Approximating Areas under Curves

5.2 Definite Integrals

5.3 Fundamental Theorem of Calculus

5.4 Working with Integrals

5.5 Substitution Rule

Review Exercises

**6. Applications of Integration**

6.1 Velocity and Net Change

6.2 Regions Between Curves

6.3 Volume by Slicing

6.4 Volume by Shells

6.5 Length of Curves

6.6 Surface Area

6.7 Physical Applications

Review Exercises

**7. Logarithmic, Exponential, and Hyperbolic Functions**

7.1 Logarithmic and Exponential Functions Revisited

7.2 Exponential Models

7.3 Hyperbolic Functions

Review Exercises

**8. Integration Techniques**

8.1 Basic Approaches

8.2 Integration by Parts

8.3 Trigonometric Integrals

8.4 Trigonometric Substitutions

8.5 Partial Fractions

8.6 Integration Strategies

8.7 Other Methods of Integration

8.8 Numerical Integration

8.9 Improper Integrals

Review Exercises

**9. Differential Equations**

9.1 Basic Ideas

9.2 Direction Fields and Euler’s Method

9.3 Separable Differential Equations

9.4 Special First-Order Linear Differential Equations

9.5 Modeling with Differential Equations

Review Exercises

**10. Sequences and Infinite Series**

10.1 An Overview

10.2 Sequences

10.3 Infinite Series

10.4 The Divergence and Integral Tests

10.5 Comparison Tests

10.6 Alternating Series

10.7 The Ratio and Root Tests

10.8 Choosing a Convergence Test

Review Exercises

**11. Power Series**

11.1 Approximating Functions with Polynomials

11.2 Properties of Power Series

11.3 Taylor Series

11.4 Working with Taylor Series

Review Exercises

**12. Parametric and Polar Curves**

12.1 Parametric Equations

12.2 Polar Coordinates

12.3 Calculus in Polar Coordinates

12.4 Conic Sections

Review Exercises

**13. Vectors and the Geometry of Space**

13.1 Vectors in the Plane

13.2 Vectors in Three Dimensions

13.3 Dot Products

13.4 Cross Products

13.5 Lines and Planes in Space

13.6 Cylinders and Quadric Surfaces

Review Exercises

**14. Vector-Valued Functions**

14.1 Vector-Valued Functions

14.2 Calculus of Vector-Valued Functions

14.3 Motion in Space

14.4 Length of Curves

14.5 Curvature and Normal Vectors

Review Exercises

**15. Functions of Several Variables**

15.1 Graphs and Level Curves

15.2 Limits and Continuity

15.3 Partial Derivatives

15.4 The Chain Rule

15.5 Directional Derivatives and the Gradient

15.6 Tangent Planes and Linear Approximation

15.7 Maximum/Minimum Problems

15.8 Lagrange Multipliers

Review Exercises

**16. Multiple Integration**

16.1 Double Integrals over Rectangular Regions

16.2 Double Integrals over General Regions

16.3 Double Integrals in Polar Coordinates

16.4 Triple Integrals

16.5 Triple Integrals in Cylindrical and Spherical Coordinates

16.6 Integrals for Mass Calculations

16.7 Change of Variables in Multiple Integrals

Review Exercises

17. Vector Calculus

17.1 Vector Fields

17.2 Line Integrals

17.3 Conservative Vector Fields

17.4 Green’s Theorem

17.5 Divergence and Curl

17.6 Surface Integrals

17.7 Stokes’ Theorem

17.8 Divergence Theorem

Review Exercises

D2 Second-Order Differential Equations ONLINE

D2.1 Basic Ideas

D2.2 Linear Homogeneous Equations

D2.3 Linear Nonhomogeneous Equations

D2.4 Applications

D2.5 Complex Forcing Functions

Review Exercises

Appendix A. Proofs of Selected Theorems

Appendix B. Algebra Review ONLINE

Appendix C. Complex Numbers ONLINE

Answers

Index

Table of Integrals