Learning and Cognition: The Design of the Mind
©2010 |Pearson | Out of print
Michael E. Martinez, University of California at Irvine
©2010 |Pearson | Out of print
A comprehensive and engaging introduction to human learning and its applications to education, this new text is a unique, clear and interesting overview of the human mind through multiple theoretical lenses. The author delineates how the mind has a clear design, or architecture, that explains simple acts of memory and complex cognition to highly creative acts and leaps of scientific or artistic insight. Topics covered throughout the text include: memory, motivation, cognitive development, the brain, and intelligence. Unique to this text, the author has provided an interdisciplinary chapter dedicated to theories of knowledge, extended coverage of expert-novice differences and talent development, and a chapter devoted to intelligence. Readers will appreciate special features like Learning Strategies which cover specific application of the theories to classroom practice, and Interest Magnets which explore fascinating topics such as photographic memory, sleep learning, and Einstein’s brain. Written like a narrative, Learning and Cognition: The Design of the Mind will delight its readers’ interest and attention as they learn about the theories of human learning and cognition and the improvement of the mind through education.
CHAPTER 1: Introduction
Where is Education?
What is Education?
The Design of Educational Experience
SECTION I: THE MIND’S ARCHITECTURE
CHAPTER 2: Behaviorism
Why Study Behavior?
Early Behaviorism in America
Classical Conditioning and Education
Behaviorism’s Enduring Impact
Is There a Downside to Behaviorism?
CHAPTER 3: The Cognitive Architecture
The Computer Metaphor
The Sensory Register
Summarizing the Cognitive Architecture
Basic Cognitive Processes
The Funnel of Information
Chunking and Automaticity
Laws of Learning
CHAPTER 4: Theories of Knowledge
CHAPTER 5: Complex Cognition
The Nature of Higher-Order Thought
The Social Origins of Complex Cognition
CHAPTER 6: Motivation Volition and Emotion
The Trilogy of Mind
Motivation Theories Based on Global Motives
Motivation Theories Based on Beliefs About Events
Motivation Theories Based on Beliefs About Self
SECTION II: DEVELOPING MINDS
CHAPTER 7: Cognitive Development and Expertise
What is Development?
Cognitive Development: Piaget
Development Toward Expertise
The Timeline for Expertise
Educating for Expertise
CHAPTER 8: The Brain and Cognition
Mind and Brain
Brain Anatomy and Function
Neuron Anatomy and Adaptation
Exercise and Nutrition
A Bridge Too Far
SECTION III: HOW MINDS DIFFER
CHAPTER 9: Assessment and Individual Differences
How Tests Influence Learning
Education and Individual Differences
Aptitude-Treatment Interactions: ATIs
Diversification of Instruction
Time and Learning
CHAPTER 10: Intelligence
What is Intelligence?
Intelligence and Achievement
One Intelligence or Many?
Hierarchical Theories of Intelligence
Emergent Theories of Intelligence
Can Intelligence Change?
Environmental Influences on Intelligence
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Michael E. Martinez received his Ph.D. in educational psychology from Stanford University. A former high school science teacher, Professor Martinez conducts research on human intelligence, assessment, and science learning. He is a former Fulbright Scholar and received the Presidential Commendation for Contributions to Psychology from the American Psychological Association.
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