February: Satyendra Nath Bose (1894-1974)
Who was Satyendra Nath Bose?
Satyendra was born in 1894 in West Bengal, India. He studied a Bachelor of Science, and later a Master of Science, in mixed mathematics. He scored such high scores in his exams that no one has surpassed them yet. He then went on to be a professor of physics and worked in laboratories with Albert Einstein and Marie Curie.
What did he discover?
In the 1920s, Bose discovered one of the classes of particles, which came to be known as the boson.
He worked with Albert Einstein to define the two classes of subatomic particles: fermions and bosons. Fermions are the elementary particles that make up matter and bosons are force carriers which hold matter together.
Together they came up with the theory of the Bose-Einstein Condensate, a state of matter which is typically formed when a gas of bosons, at low densities, is cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero.
Why is he our scientist of the month?
Numerous Nobel Prizes were awarded for research related to the concepts of the boson and the Bose-Einstein Condensate. Bose was never awarded a Nobel Prize, despite his work on particle statistics, which clarified the behaviour of photons. Bose was very modest and did not complain about his lack of a Nobel Prize. Satyendra is our scientist of the month to raise awareness of his achievements and to give him the recognition he deserves!
This month’s starter question…
What are the benefits of understanding how particles behave?
Written by Abigail Lawrence, Pearson Science's Qualifications Product Developer
Some information is sourced from the Biography website.