## Table of Contents

**R. Basic Ideas**

R.1 Reading and Writing Numerals

R.2 Addition and Subtraction of Whole Numbers

R.3 Multiplication and Division of Whole Numbers

R.4 A Brief Introduction to Fractions

R.5 Addition and Subtraction of Decimal Numerals

R.6 Multiplication and Division of Decimal Numerals

R.7 Linear Measurement in the American and Metric Systems

**1. Adding and Subtracting Integers and Polynomials**

1.1 Variables, Exponents, and Order of Operations

1.2 Perimeters of Geometric Figures

1.3 Areas of Geometric Figures

1.4 Volumes and Surface Areas of Geometric Figures

1.5 Introduction to Integers

1.6 Addition of Integers

1.7 Subtraction of Integers and Combining Like Terms

1.8 Polynomial Definitions and Combining Polynomials

**2. Laws of Exponents, Products and Quotients of Integers and Polynomials**

2.1 Multiplication of Integers

2.2 Multiplication Laws of Exponents

2.3 Products of Polynomials

2.4 Special Products

2.5 Division of Integers and Order of Operations with Integers

2.6 Quotient Rule and Integer Exponents

2.7 Power Rule for Quotients and Using Combined Laws of Exponents

2.8 Division of Polynomials by Monomials

2.9 An Application of Exponents: Scientific Notation

**3. Linear Equations and Inequalities**

3.1 Addition Property of Equality

3.2 Multiplication Property of Equality

3.3 Combining Properties in Solving Linear Equations

3.4 Using and Solving Formulas

3.5 General, Consecutive Integer, and Distance Application Problems

3.6 Money, Investment, and Mixture Application Problems

3.7 Geometric Application Problems

3.8 Solving Linear Inequalities

**4. Graphing Linear Equations and Inequalities**

4.1 Reading Graphs and the Cartesian Coordinate System

4.2 Graphing Linear Equations with Two Variables

4.5 Graphing Linear Equations by Using Intercepts

4.4 Slope of a Line

4.5 Slope-Intercept Form of a Line

4.6 Point-Slope Form of a Line

4.7 Graphing Linear Inequalities with Two Variables

4.8 Relations and Functions

**5. Factors, Divisors, and Factoring**

5.1 Prime Factorization and Greatest Common Factor

5.2 Factoring Polynomials with Common Factors and by Grouping

5.3 Factoring General Trinomials with Leading Coefficients of One

5.4 Factoring General Trinomials with Leading Coefficients Other than One

5.5 Factoring Binomials

5.6 Factoring Perfect Square Trinomials

5.7 Mixed Factoring

5.8 Solving Quadratic Equations by Factoring

**6. Multiplication and Division of Rational Numbers and Expressions**

6.1 Reducing Rational Numbers and Rational Expressions

6.2 Further Reduction of Rational Expressions

6.3 Multiplication of Rational Numbers and Expressions

6.4 Further Multiplication of Rational Expressions

6.5 Division of Rational Numbers and Expressions

6.6 Division of Polynomials (Long Division)

**7. Addition and Subtraction of Rational Numbers and Expressions**

7.1 Addition and Subtraction of Rational Numbers and Expressions with Like Denominators

7.2 Least Common Multiple and Equivalent Rational Expressions

7.3 The Least Common Denominator of Fractions and Rational Expressions

7.4 Addition and Subtraction of Rational Numbers and Expressions with Unlike Denominators

7.5 Complex Fractions

7.6 Solving Equations Containing Rational Numbers and Expressions

7.7 Applications with Rational Expressions

**8. Ratios, Percents, and Applications**

8.1 Ratios and Rates

8.2 Proportions

8.3 Percent

8.4 Applications of Percent

8.5 Further Applications of Percent

**9. Systems of Linear Equations**

9.1 Defining Linear Systems and Solving by Graphing

9.2 Solving Systems of Linear Equations by Using Elimination by Addition

9.3 Solving Systems of Linear Equations by Using Substitution

9.4 Solving Application Problems by Using Systems of Equations

9.5 Systems of Linear Inequalities

**10. Roots and Radicals**

10.1 Defining and Finding Roots

10.2 Simplifying Radicals

10.3 Products and Quotients of Radicals

10.4 Addition, Subtraction, and Mixed Operations with Radicals

10.5 Rationalizing the Denominator

10.6 Solving Equations with Radicals

10.7 Pythagorean Theorem

**11. Solving Quadratic Equations**

11.1 Solving Incomplete Quadratic Equations

11.2 Solving Quadratic Equations by Completing the Square

11.3 Solving Quadratic Equations by the Quadratic Formula

11.4 Quadratic Equations with Complex Solutions

11.5 Applications Involving Quadratic Equations