Developmental Education

The Evolution of Developmental Education

Since the 1800s, there's been an ongoing need for developmental education. Today, its low success rates are forcing us to reexamine and reimagine our approach to improve outcomes for all learners.

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Co-Requisite Models

Co-requisite models accelerate the developmental education process by simultaneously enrolling students in both remediation and credit-bearing courses. In these models, the developmental course component typically meets before or after the credit-bearing course, and students receive assistance not only from the instructor, but also from other non-developmental education students. Not only does this save students time, but it also helps reinforce the credit-bearing material through the developmental education class.

Contextualized Models

Contextualized models accelerate developmental education by embedding remediation and compensatory instruction within the context of the credit-bearing course. Like co-requisite models, contextualized models of developmental education save students time by preventing them from spending semesters on completing developmental courses prior to enrolling in credit-bearing courses.

Additionally, contextualized models can improve student performance through better alignment between the general education curriculum and the developmental education environment.

Supplemental Models

Supplemental models of developmental education retain the traditional course structure and add a layer of out-of-class activities to increase student engagement with course content and ensure their preparedness for the traditional course.

This out-of-class support can take on a variety of forms including technology-supported instruction available to students online or through a lab and supplemental tutoring and advising that takes students’ individual goals, needs, life circumstances, and available resources into account.