11. Stress and Health
The General Adaptation Syndrome
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When Wes learned that his wife had been diagnosed with cancer, his heart rate and blood pressure increased, he experienced a burst of energy, and he felt nauseous. These symptoms describe the _____ phase of the general adaptation syndrome.
The prolonged secretion of stress hormones during the _____ phase of the general adaptation syndrome can lead to the most harmful effects of stress on the body.
The sequence of physiological reactions that the body goes through in response to a stressor is described by the
As Tamlin approached the podium to give her speech to the entire class, she could feel her heart rate increasing, her pulse pounding, her mouth becoming dry, and her muscles tensing. The part of the nervous system responsible for Tamlin's physiological response is the
When Rosalina first found out that she had three term papers due in two weeks, she felt queasy. However, she soon started doing her research, and she began to feel better. Although the stressors were still present, Rosalina had begun to adapt to this situation. Rosalina is in which stage of the general adaptation syndrome?
Endocrinologist Hans Selye's three stages of the body's physiological reaction to stress are called the
During the _____ stage of the general adaptation syndrome, the adrenal glands release hormones that increase heart rate, blood pressure, and the supply of blood sugar.
According to the general adaptation syndrome, when a body first reacts to a stressor during the alarm stage, the body activates the _____ system, causing increase in heart rate, blood pressure, and supply of blood sugar.