Hey everyone. So we just learned how to solve quadratic equations by factoring. So if I'm given something like xx2+x-6=0, then I can just factor that into (x+3)(x-2) and get my solutions from there. And that's because this equation is easily factorable. But if I'm given something like x2-5=0, well, I'm not really sure what the factors would be there, and that's actually because this equation is not factorable at all. Not all quadratic equations are going to be able to be solved by factoring, but that's okay because there are actually 3 other methods that we can use to solve quadratic equations. Now I know that that might sound a little intimidating right now and, like, a lot, but I'm going to take you through each of these methods step by step, and soon you'll be able to solve any quadratic equation that gets thrown at you. So let's go ahead and jump in. So we're going to start filling out this big table of all of the information that you will ever need to know about quadratic equations. And we already looked at our steps to solve a quadratic equation by factoring, but we need to look at another piece of information here, which is when we should use each method because there are multiple. So with factoring, if a quadratic equation has obvious factors, or if it has no constant term, so in my standard form equation, if c=0, then factoring is going to be a good choice to solve it. But if these two things are not true, then we're going to need a new method. So here we're going to look at the square root property. Now if those two things are not true, but I'm given something in the form of x+a2=b, or if I have no x term, so in my standard form equation b=0 and I have something like 4x2-5=0, then I'm going to go ahead and use the square root property. Now the square root property tells us that we can solve by literally just taking the square root of our quadratic equation. So let's go ahead and see that in action.

So looking at my first example here, I have x+12=4. So looking at our steps, step number 1 is going to be to isolate our squared expression. So whatever is being squared, I want that by itself. Now here I have x+1 being squared, so I want that by itself and it already is. My squared term is by itself on that left side, so step 1 is done. Now step 2 is going to be to take both the positive and the negative square root. This is what's gonna give us both of our solutions. So if I go ahead and square root my entire quadratic equation, this left side is going to cancel the square, leaving me with x+1. But then on that right side, I need to take both the positive and the negative square root. So this is going to become x+1=±4. Okay. So we can actually simplify this a little bit more. x+1 is equal to plus or minus. We know that the root 4 or the square root of 4 is just 2 so this is really just plus or minus 2. Okay, so step 2 is done, now we can go ahead and just solve for x for step 3. So here if I move my one over to the other side by just subtracting it, I'm leaving x by itself and I just have x=±2-1. Now that looks a little funky the way it's written now, so if I just rearrange this and move my one over to the front, I will be left with x=-1±2. Now I'm actually going to be able to further simplify this if I split it into my plus and my minus and my answer, so let's go ahead and do that. So this really can become negative 1 plus 2 and negative 1 minus 2. Those are my two solutions. Now negative 1+2 is just 1, and then negative 1 minus 2 is negative 3. So these are actually my 2 solutions here, which I can rewrite a little bit nicer as x=1 and x=-3. Those are my final solutions, which I solve by just taking the square root. Let's take a look at one more example. So over here, I have 4x2-5=0. Let's go ahead and start back at step 1, which is to isolate our squared expression. Now here I just have x squared, so I want to get that by itself. Now the first thing I need to do is move my 5 over to the other side, which I can do by adding 5. It will cancel, leaving me with 4x2=5. Now one more step to isolate that squared expression is to divide by 4, leaving me with x2=54. Okay. So step 1 is done. We've isolated our squared expression. Now we can go ahead and move to step 2, which is to take our positive and negative square root. So if I go ahead and square-root my quadratic equation, it will cancel on this side, leaving me with x=±54. Make sure you don't forget that you're taking both the positive and negative square root here. Okay, so we can actually simplify this a little bit further and ±5/2. So step 2 is done. We've taken our positive and negative square root, and now we're left to solve for x. But x is actually already by itself here, so I'm done and these are my solutions. Now remember that you can always take your solutions and plug them back into your original equation to check and I will leave that up to you. But here we're done. Our solution is just plus or minus 5/2. I could always split that into the positive and negative solutions but it's not going to further simplify it here, so I'll just leave it at that. Now you might have noticed that our answers looked a little bit different here. So on one hand, I have x=1 and x=-3, and over here I have the square root of 5 over 2. And that's actually because our solutions are not always going to be whole numbers. Sometimes they might have fractions or even radicals in them, or some combination of both, and that's totally fine, your solution doesn't have to be a whole number. So that's all you need to know about the square root property, let's get some practice.