Alright. Let's discuss another ratio here, the times interest earned ratio. So times interest earned, it's going to help analyze how we cover our interest expense. All right. So remember, we're going to have when we have loans, we're going to have interest that we have to pay every period on this loan. Well, how are we making the money to cover that interest? That's what the times interest earned ratio helps us discover. So times interest earned, it's a common solvency ratio, right? It helps know how solvent we are. How much are we able to pay our debts. Okay? There are different ways to calculate the times interest earned ratio. We're going to discuss the 2 most common ways here, but you'll notice that they calculate very similar results when we discuss it. But just double check with your professor to see how they calculate this ratio, right? Because sometimes they'll just use the first one, sometimes they use the second one. They're going to pick 1 and they're going to stick to it. That's generally how this goes. Alright? So let's go ahead and go through the 2 of them. The most common way to calculate it is through this first ratio. Times interest earned, it's going to be our operating income divided by our interest expense, okay? So what does this tell us? Our operating income, this income that we're getting from our core business, right? We're getting the sales that we make minus the cost of the sales minus our operating expenses, right? Necessary expenses of our business like rent, like depreciation, right? These necessary expenses, salaries that we must pay. Well, what's left after that point? This operating income, can it pay for our interest expense? Okay? That's what the times interest earned is telling us. Or another way to calculate it is to start from the bottom and move our way up, right? So we can have net income, right? That's our bottom line on our income statement. We're going to add some things to it. We'll put back the interest expense, right? Because that's what we're looking for. The interest expense in the denominator. And remember, interest expense isn't part of our operating income. This is a non-operating expense. It's usually how we classify this. So our net income, we're going to add back our interest expense and add back our income tax expense. Alright? These are the 2 most common non-operating expenses that we see. So that kind of gets us back to operating income in essence. Alright? So, again, we take that and divide it by interest expense. So what this tells us how many times we could cover our interest expense with our core income, right? So we're going to have this interest expense that's going to be stable every period. Maybe we have to pay 50,000 in interest every year. Right? Well, we should be making from our operations at least that 50,000, right? If our operations can't make as much as we're paying to the bank in interest, well something's going wrong here, right? And usually, how we use this ratio is usually when we have a loan with the bank, they're going to require some level of times interest earned. So the bank is going to regularly check our financial statements and check if we're maintaining the times interest earned that's in our contract. So the the contract could say that we must maintain a times interest earned of 3 x, okay? And if we don't maintain that, well we could default on our loan. That could make our whole loan due right now because we've defaulted on that part of the contract. Alright? So it's a very important ratio when we're dealing with loans. The times interest earned. And it's always shown like this with an x, right? Like 3 times. Our operating income is 3 times our interest expense. Something like that. Okay? So we always want this to be really high. The higher the times interest earned, well that means we have better solvency, right? Because we're going to be able to cover that interest expense many times. Cool? So let's go ahead. It's a pretty simple formula. Let's just jump into some practice and you guys try and calculate some times interest earned ratios.

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# Ratios: Times Interest Earned (TIE) - Online Tutor, Practice Problems & Exam Prep

The times interest earned ratio is a solvency measure that indicates a company's ability to cover its interest expenses with its operating income. It is calculated by dividing operating income by interest expense, or alternatively, by adding back interest and tax expenses to net income before dividing by interest expense. A higher ratio signifies better solvency, essential for maintaining loan agreements, as lenders often require a minimum ratio to avoid default. Understanding this ratio is crucial for assessing financial health and operational efficiency.

### Ratios: Times Interest Earned (TIE)

#### Video transcript

XYZ Company had Income from Operations of $320,000 and Net Income of $80,000. Interest Expense during the current period was $40,000 and Notes Payable totaled $400,000. What is the company's Times Interest Earned?

ABC Company had Net Income during the period of $60,000 after Income Taxes of $40,000. Furthermore, the company had outstanding Notes Payable at the beginning and end of the year, respectively, of $250,000 and $350,000. If interest expense was $15,000 during the period, what is the company's TIE ratio?

### Hereâ€™s what students ask on this topic:

What is the Times Interest Earned (TIE) ratio and why is it important?

The Times Interest Earned (TIE) ratio is a solvency measure that indicates a company's ability to cover its interest expenses with its operating income. It is calculated by dividing operating income by interest expense. A higher TIE ratio signifies better solvency, meaning the company can cover its interest expenses multiple times over. This ratio is crucial for maintaining loan agreements, as lenders often require a minimum TIE ratio to avoid default. Understanding this ratio helps assess a company's financial health and operational efficiency.

How do you calculate the Times Interest Earned (TIE) ratio?

The Times Interest Earned (TIE) ratio can be calculated using two common methods. The first method is:

$\frac{\mathrm{Operating\; Income}}{\mathrm{Interest\; Expense}}$

The second method involves starting from net income and adding back interest and tax expenses:

$\frac{\mathrm{Net\; Income\; +\; Interest\; Expense\; +\; Income\; Tax\; Expense}}{\mathrm{Interest\; Expense}}$

Both methods provide similar results, indicating how many times the company can cover its interest expenses with its income.

What does a high Times Interest Earned (TIE) ratio indicate?

A high Times Interest Earned (TIE) ratio indicates strong solvency and financial health. It means that the company can cover its interest expenses multiple times over with its operating income. This is a positive sign for lenders and investors, as it suggests that the company is less likely to default on its debt obligations. A high TIE ratio also implies that the company has a stable and sufficient income to meet its interest payments, which is crucial for maintaining loan agreements and avoiding financial distress.

Why do lenders require a minimum Times Interest Earned (TIE) ratio?

Lenders require a minimum Times Interest Earned (TIE) ratio to ensure that the borrowing company can cover its interest expenses with its operating income. This requirement acts as a safeguard for lenders, reducing the risk of default. If a company fails to maintain the minimum TIE ratio, it may breach the loan agreement, leading to potential penalties or immediate repayment demands. By setting a minimum TIE ratio, lenders can better assess the borrower's financial stability and ability to meet debt obligations, thereby protecting their investment.

What are the implications of a low Times Interest Earned (TIE) ratio?

A low Times Interest Earned (TIE) ratio indicates poor solvency and financial health. It means that the company struggles to cover its interest expenses with its operating income. This can be a red flag for lenders and investors, as it suggests a higher risk of default on debt obligations. A low TIE ratio may lead to difficulties in securing future loans, higher interest rates, and potential breaches of existing loan agreements. Companies with a low TIE ratio need to improve their operational efficiency or reduce debt to enhance their financial stability.