Hey, guys. So oftentimes, you need to use velocity-time graphs to interpret them and then solve some conceptual questions about the position, velocity, and acceleration. This is going to be very similar to how we dealt with this with position-time graphs. We're even going to use the same exact list of steps here. So let's just go ahead and work out this example together. Let's get to it. We have a box and instead of a position-time graph now, we have a velocity-time graph and we have a bunch of questions. Let's just start off with the first one. Where is the box going to be moving forwards? So let's look at our steps. We're always going to figure out which variable we're working with first. Is it position, velocity, or acceleration? Well, now here we have motion and we have a direction moving forwards. So that means that we're going to look at the velocity here. So that's the first step. The second step is now to identify which graph feature we're going to use. And to do that, we go down to our table. Now when we looked at velocity for the position-time graph, we looked at the slope. You have to be very careful here because we're working with a velocity-time graph. So here, if you want the velocities, you actually just look at the values. This is kind of like how when we looked at a position-time graph, the position was just the values. Well, for a velocity-time graph, the velocity is just the values. Okay? So that's what we're going to look at here. We're going to look at the values and the rules are just going to be the exact same here as they are here. Anytime you're above the x-axis, those are positive values. And below, there are negative values. And then when you're on the axis, that's going to be 0. So it's the same exact rules that you can borrow from there. Okay. So that's the step. We're going to be looking at the values, not the slopes. Be careful with that. So which qualifier are we going to use? That's going to be step 3. Well, so for step 3, which qualifiers are we going to use? Well, moving forwards, what does forwards mean in terms of velocity? Forwards means that you have a positive velocity. Backwards means you have a negative velocity. So in this list of qualifiers that we have here, we're just going to be looking for this one, where the velocity values are positive. So now that's the 3rd step. We just have to interpret it from the graph. And again, remember that the values are just where you are on the y-axis, and when you're above the x-axis like this, those are positive values. When you're below the time axis, that's going to be negative values. So where do we have positive values? At B, C, and D. Anytime you're above that axis there. So B, C, and D. Okay. So now where's the box moving backwards? Well, guys, it's the same exact list of steps. We know we're going to talk about velocity because we're talking about moving backwards. We know that we're going to look at the values because we're talking about a velocity-time graph. So now what about the qualifier? Forwards meant we looked at positive values, so backwards means we're going to look at negative values. So where does that happen on the graph? Well, that happens anytime you're below the time axis. So that's A, F, and G. Those are our answers. Okay. So that's pretty straightforward. So now, where is the box going to be at rest? Well, what does at rest mean? Remember, at rest means that your velocity is equal to 0. So which variable are we talking about? We're talking about the velocity. What does that mean in terms of the element? We're looking at the values. And now for the qualifier, which qualifier makes the most sense? Well, guys, we just said that at rest means 0. So the qualifier we're going to look for is just where the value of the velocity is equal to 0. So look through the graph and you'll notice that there are 2 points here where the velocity is equal to 0, which means that we're on the axis. That happens at 2 places. Right here and then also right here. Now this isn't one of our letter choices, so that means that E is our option. So that's E, and that's our answer choice. Now moving on. Where is the box going to be turning around? We've seen that expression before. What does turning around actually mean? Turning around means you're moving in one direction, you stop, and you turn around and move in the opposite direction. So we're talking about motion in directions, that's going to be the velocity. So that me...

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# Conceptual Problems with Velocity-Time Graphs - Online Tutor, Practice Problems & Exam Prep

Understanding velocity-time graphs is crucial for analyzing motion. Positive velocity indicates forward movement, while negative velocity signifies backward movement. A box is at rest when its velocity equals zero, and it turns around when it changes direction, crossing the time axis. Acceleration is determined by the slope of the graph: upward slopes indicate positive acceleration, while downward slopes indicate negative acceleration. The steepest slope represents the fastest acceleration. Speeding up occurs when moving away from the time axis, while slowing down happens when approaching it.

### Conceptual Problems with Velocity-Time Graphs

#### Video transcript

## Do you want more practice?

More sets### Here’s what students ask on this topic:

How do you determine when an object is moving forward on a velocity-time graph?

To determine when an object is moving forward on a velocity-time graph, look at the values of the velocity. The object is moving forward when the velocity values are positive, which means the graph is above the time (x) axis. Positive values indicate forward motion. For example, if the graph shows positive values at points B, C, and D, the object is moving forward during those intervals.

What does it mean when the velocity-time graph crosses the time axis?

When the velocity-time graph crosses the time axis, it indicates that the object is changing direction. This is because the velocity changes sign at this point. If the graph crosses from positive to negative, the object turns from moving forward to moving backward. Conversely, if it crosses from negative to positive, the object turns from moving backward to moving forward. This point of crossing is where the velocity is zero, meaning the object is momentarily at rest.

How can you identify when an object is at rest using a velocity-time graph?

An object is at rest on a velocity-time graph when the velocity is zero. This occurs at points where the graph intersects the time (x) axis. At these points, the velocity value is zero, indicating no movement. For example, if the graph intersects the time axis at points E and another point not labeled, the object is at rest at these points.

How do you determine positive and negative acceleration on a velocity-time graph?

Positive and negative acceleration on a velocity-time graph are determined by the slope of the graph. An upward slope indicates positive acceleration, meaning the velocity is increasing. A downward slope indicates negative acceleration, meaning the velocity is decreasing. For example, if the graph has upward slopes at points A, B, and G, these intervals represent positive acceleration. Conversely, downward slopes at points D and E represent negative acceleration.

What does the steepest slope on a velocity-time graph represent?

The steepest slope on a velocity-time graph represents the fastest acceleration. The steeper the slope, the greater the rate of change of velocity. This can be either positive or negative acceleration. For instance, if point E has the steepest slope compared to other points, it indicates that the object is accelerating the fastest at point E.

How can you tell if an object is speeding up or slowing down on a velocity-time graph?

An object is speeding up on a velocity-time graph when it is moving away from the time (x) axis, meaning the magnitude of velocity is increasing. Conversely, it is slowing down when it is moving towards the time axis, meaning the magnitude of velocity is decreasing. For example, at point B, if the graph is moving away from the time axis, the object is speeding up. At point D, if the graph is moving towards the time axis, the object is slowing down.