Hey guys. In this video, we're going to talk about resonance and LRC circuits. Alright. Let's get to it. I've graphed on the upper right corner the impedance, the resistance, the capacitive reactances, and the inductive reactances all as functions of omega. Okay? The impedance depends upon these three things. Now the resistance larger capacitive reactances get larger and larger and larger the smaller omega is. Okay? So the impedance blows up at large or small frequency. But there is a minimum in between there. Recall that the impedance is the square root of r2 + (xl-xc)2, all of that square rooted. Okay? When the 2 impedances, the capacitive and the inductive impedances equal each other, that's when we were at a minimum for the impedance. When the inductive and the capacitance reactances equal one another, Then you lose this term right here and the impedance equals its smallest value which is the resistance. Okay when this occurs we say that the circuit is in resonance. Okay? The resonant frequency of an LRC circuit is given by this equation and this is just found by solving xc = xl for the frequency. Okay? Since resonance occurs when the impedance is smallest the current is going to be largest in the circuit when the circuit is in resonance. Okay? Let's do an example. An AC circuit is composed of a 10 ohm resistor, a 2 Henry inductor, and a 1.2 milli farad capacitor. If it is connected to a power source that operates at 120 volts, what frequency should it operate at to produce the largest possible current in that's in this circuit? What would the value of this current be? Okay. What frequency should operate at is just asking what is the resonant frequency Such that it produces the largest possible current, right? We know that in resonance you have the largest possible current. So the resonant angular frequency is 1LC. So this is 121.210-3 = 20.4 inverse seconds. But if they're asking for a frequency, it's better to give this in terms of the linear frequency in case that's what they're looking for. The linear frequency is just omega over 2 pi and I can call that f0 to imply that it's the resonant frequency, and this is going to be 20.42π = 3.25 Hertz. Okay? That's one answer, done. What is the current in this circuit? The maximum current in resonance. Don't forget that the maximum produced by a source is always going to be the maximum voltage divided by the impedance. In resonance, the impedance just becomes the resistance. So in resonance we have that this is just z equals r. Right? So it's a maximum voltage of 120 volts divided by a 10 ohm resistor is 12 amps. Very easy, very straightforward. You don't have to use that very complicated resonance equation. Okay guys? And the last couple points I wanna make is that in a series LRC circuit, the current is the same throughout the inductor and the capacitor. The current's the same through everything. The resistor, the inductor, and the capacitor. That's what it means to be in series. In resonance since their reactances are the same this must mean that the maximum voltage across the inductor and the capacitor is also the same. Alright guys that wraps up our discussion on the resonance, sorry the resonant frequency and resonance in an LRC circuit. Thanks for watching.

31. Alternating Current

Resonance in Series LRC Circuits

31. Alternating Current

# Resonance in Series LRC Circuits - Online Tutor, Practice Problems & Exam Prep

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### Resonance in Series LRC Circuits

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Problem

ProblemA series LRC circuit is formed with a power source operating at VRMS = 100 V, and is formed with a 15 Ω resistor, a 0.05 H inductor, and a 200 µF capacitor. What is the voltage across the inductor in resonance? The voltage across the capacitor?

A

V

_{L}= 141 V; V_{C}= 107 VB

V

_{L}= 107 V; V_{C}= 107 VC

V

_{L}= 141 V; V_{C}= 141 VD

V

_{L}= 149 V; V_{C}= 149 V## Do you want more practice?

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PRACTICE PROBLEMS AND ACTIVITIES (8)

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- (III) Determine a formula for the average power P dissipated in an LRC circuit in terms of L, R, C, ω and Vo. ...
- (III) Determine a formula for the average power P dissipated in an LRC circuit in terms of L, R, C, ω and Vo. ...