Hey, guys. So up until now when we've seen calorimetry problems that included both temperature and phase changes, we were told what the equilibrium temperature was going to be. But in some cases, you're actually going to have to calculate that. You're going to have to calculate what that final equilibrium temperature is. Unfortunately, that makes these problems a little bit harder. These problems are kind of rare, but they are trickier. So in this video, I'm going to show you a different sequence of steps than the ones that we've seen so far to solve these kinds of problems. Let's go ahead and check out our example here. We've got these two substances. We've got copper at 150 degrees Celsius and we've got mixing with water at 30 degrees Celsius. So we're going to close them, mix them in a container, and we want to calculate what the final temperature of this mixture is. So remember, before we actually write out our calorimetry equations, the first thing we want to do is draw our diagrams and indicate what the initial and final temperatures are. That's the sort of 0th step. So I've got these two different substances, copper and water. Copper is always a solid up until 1,000 degrees Celsius. This one's going to start here at 150 degrees. That's our hotter one. It doesn't have to do this scale, it doesn't matter. Right? The water on the other hand is going to be at 30 degrees Celsius, and we've got, you know, our sort of familiar diagram here. So here's what's going on. The copper is going to lose some heat and therefore lose some temperature. It's only going to go down in temperature, it can't experience a phase change. But the water on the other hand can actually do a couple of different things. So what we have to do is indicate where the initial or the final temperature is, but we actually don't know where that is. So the problem with this is that there are three possibilities here. The water could absorb enough heat from the copper so that it goes up in temperature only. So imagine this basically just goes higher here on this diagram and we only experience a temperature change. There could be even more heat though from the copper such that the water actually starts to boil, so it starts to transition into steam. And then if there's enough heat, there's enough heat to actually turn this thing completely into steam that the temperature actually could continue rising. The problem is we actually don't know upfront which one of these possibilities could actually be true. So what happens here is we have three possibilities. Right? So we have water, damn water, the specific heat for water, turning all the way to a 100 degrees. Then we've got some of that water which could melt or, sorry, boil into steam, and then we've got some of this steam that can actually increase in temperature as well. So these are the three different terms that we could possibly have inside of our calorimetry equation. On the right side, we're only going to have the copper. Right? So
mc
_{
c
}Δt
_{
copper
}
for copper. So the problem we're basically going to do here before I get into the sort of messy steps is in order to figure out how many of these terms actually exist inside of our equations, gonna have to do a little bit of trial and error. Basically, in these problems, you're going to have to figure out the number of MCAT or ML equations inside of your calorimetry equations. And we do that by calculating some stuff, by making some assumptions. We're going to try some things, and if it doesn't work, we're going to have to go back here and change some things and then just try again. It's a lot of trial and error. Alright. So let's go ahead and get to the steps

20. Heat and Temperature

Advanced Calorimetry: Equilibrium Temperature with Phase Changes

20. Heat and Temperature

# Advanced Calorimetry: Equilibrium Temperature with Phase Changes - Online Tutor, Practice Problems & Exam Prep

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### Calculating Equilibrium Temperature in Calorimetry Problems with Phase Changes

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PRACTICE PROBLEMS AND ACTIVITIES (7)

- What will be the final result when equal masses of ice at 0°C and steam at 100°C are mixed together?
- (II) What mass of steam at 100°C must be added to 1.00 kg of ice at 0°C to yield liquid water at 30°C?
- (II) Determine the latent heat of fusion of mercury using the following calorimeter data: 1.00 kg of solid Hg ...
- Before going in for his annual physical, a 70.0-kg man whose body temperature is 37.0°C consumes an entire 0.3...
- A 6.00-kg piece of solid copper metal at an initial temperature T is placed with 2.00 kg of ice that is initia...
- (II) A cube of ice is taken from the freezer at -8.5°C and placed in an 85-g aluminum calorimeter filled with ...
- A 65 cm^3 block of iron is removed from an 800°C furnace and immediately dropped into 200 mL of 20°C water. Wh...