What is TRUE about carbon-13 and carbon-14?
a) They are isotopes.
b) They have the same mass number.
c) They have the same number of neutrons in their nuclei.
d) They behave differently in biological reactions.
e) None of the above are true.
How are Carbon-13 and Nitrogen-15 respectively different from the more abundant isotopes Carbon-12 and Nitrogen-14? Carbon-13 and Nitrogen-15 _______________:
a) Each have an extra neutron.
b) Each have an extra proton.
c) Each have one less neutron.
d) Each have one less proton.
e) Each have one less electron.
The atomic number of nitrogen is 7. Nitrogen-15 has a greater mass number than nitrogen-14 because the atomic nucleus of nitrogen-15 contains ________.
a) 7 neutrons.
b) 8 neutrons.
c) 8 protons.
d) 15 protons.
Radioactive isotopes are utilized for all of the following except:
a) Dating fossilized material of once living things.
b) Radiation treatment to slow or stop the development of cancer cells.
c) Labeling regions of the body with radioactivity for special imaging techniques.
d) All of the above.
The isotope Carbon-14 has a half-life of 5,730 years. How many years must pass for a sample of Carbon-14 to break down to ¼ of its original amount?
a) 5,730 years
Do you want more practice?
- We can represent atoms by listing the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons—for example, 2p+,2n0,2e− for ...
- Fill in the blanks: Isotopes are atoms with the same ______number but different______numbers.
- In certain types of radioactive decay, the isotope releases a particle called an alpha particle, which contain...