Learn the toughest concepts covered in Biochemistry with step-by-step video tutorials and practice problems by world-class tutors

6. Enzymes and Enzyme Kinetics

1

Rate Constant Units

3m

Play a video:

Was this helpful?

in this video, we're going to talk about the units of the rate constant. So as we already know from our previous lesson videos, the units of the rate constant K will actually differ depending on the overall reaction order. And so what we're saying here is that the units of the rate constant K will be different for zero order, first order and second order reactions. And so down below, we're gonna focus specifically on the units of the rate constant, which are as follows, uh, in the following table. And so notice in this table down below. In the first column here, what we have is the overall reaction order. And in the second column, what we have is the units of the rate constant K. And so, for zero order reactions, the units of the rate constant K turned out to be molar ity per second. And, of course, mole arat E per second is the same thing as saying molar ity times, inverse seconds. And so this is the same exact thing as this now for first order reactions. The units of the rate constant K turned out to be one over seconds, and so of course, this is the same thing as saying just inverse seconds. And so this is the same thing as this. And then, of course, last but not least, for second order reactions, the units of the rate constant K turned out to be one over molar ity, times seconds. And so this, of course, turns out to be inverse mole arat e times in verse seconds. And so again, this is the same thing as this. And so one thing to note about all of these units that they share in common is that they all contain inverse seconds as part of the units in one way or another. And so notice that for second order reactions, the units contain inverse seconds for first order reactions. The rate constant units contain inverse seconds and for zero order reaction to the units also contain inverse seconds. And so that's definitely helpful to help us memorize these units a little bit better Now, another thing to take into account is that the some of the units exponents will actually indicate the overall reaction order. And so notice for zero order reactions. If we some all of the unit exponents, it would be one on the polarity minus one and one minus one is, of course, zero. Which tells us that this unit is specifically for zero order reactions. Now, for first order reaction to notice that the units three exponents here are just negative one or just one, for that matter. Which tells us that this is the units for first order reactions. And then, of course, last but not least, for second order reactions. If we some the units here, negative one minus one is, of course, negative, too. So that reminds us that this is for second order reactions. And so, keeping that in mind, we'll be able to apply these concepts here in our example problems. So I'll see you guys there.

2

Rate Constant Units Example 1

2m

Play a video:

Was this helpful?

all right. So here we have an example problem that's asking, What are the rate? Constant units for the following rate law shown right here. And so recall from our previous lesson videos that the rate law is just another way to write or express the reaction. Velocity V And the rate law always says that the reaction velocity V is equal to the rate constant k times the initial concentration of the reactant raised to the reaction order. And so because we only have one initial concentration listed here in our rate law that tells us that there's only one reactant here that affect the rate of this particular reaction. And so because it's raised to the power of to that tells us that the overall reaction order must be second order for this reaction. And so what we need to recall from our previous lesson videos is that when it comes to the rate constant units, one thing that we know that they all have in common is that they all include inverse seconds in one way or another. And so for that reason, we can automatically eliminate option D here, since it does not contain inverse seconds now, another thing that we need to recall from our previous lesson videos is that the some of the exponents in the units will actually reveal the overall reaction order. And so we know that the overall reaction order is second order. So we know that the some of the exponents somehow has to equal to either two or negative, too. And so that means that we're going to need mole Arat Ian here to help this reached either two or negative, too. Now, it could be more clarity Cube. And so if it was more clarity Cube, then that would get us to to. But if you recall from our previous lesson videos, we never had ah, unit that had molar ity cube. So we know that can't be right. And so another option would be to have inverse molar ity. And so negative one minus one here equals negative to which matches with, ah, second order overall reaction. And so it turns out that this is actually the answer that we're looking for, which matches with Option C. So this here concludes our example problem, and we'll be able to get some practice in our next practice video. So I'll see you guys there

3

Problem

Determine the units for each of the 3 rate constants below in the enzyme-catalyzed reaction.

Was this helpful?

© 1996–2023 Pearson All rights reserved.