Organic Chemistry

Learn the toughest concepts covered in Organic Chemistry with step-by-step video tutorials and practice problems by world-class tutors.

24. Carbohydrates

Mutarotation

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Pyranose and furanose rings are constantly hydrolyzing back and forth between cyclic and straight-chain forms. Mutorotation is basically the backwards reaction of cyclization where we get a mixture of α and β forms at the anomeric position. Let's take a look at how it works. 

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Mutorotation and Optical Activity

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Mechanism

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Acid-Catalyzed Mechanism:

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