Organic Chemistry

Learn the toughest concepts covered in Organic Chemistry with step-by-step video tutorials and practice problems by world-class tutors.

3. Acids and Bases

Organic Chemistry Reactions

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Now you’re finally getting ready to start understanding types of chemical reactions. Oh joy! 

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What you need to know about types of chemical reactions.

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We’re gonna learn about 4 different types of chemical reactions. You don’t actually need to understand these! Just be able to recognize them for now.

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Recognizing Acid-Base Reactions.

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In this reaction, two molecules of opposite charges react to exchange a proton. (There are some exceptions that don’t, but we’ll get to this later)  

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Recognizing Substitution Reactions.

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This is an acid-base reaction where an atom (or group of atoms) other than protons are exchanged.

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Recognizing Elimination Reactions.

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Here, two single bonds (σ) are removed to create one double bond (π).

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Recognizing Addition Reactions.

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In these reactions, one double bond generates two new single bonds.

  • Addition and Elimination are inverse reactions! In some cases they can perfectly cancel each other out. 
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