Organic Chemistry

Learn the toughest concepts covered in Organic Chemistry with step-by-step video tutorials and practice problems by world-class tutors.

24. Carbohydrates

Monosaccharide

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Sugars, saccharides, and carbohydrates are all different words for the same types of molecules. Now that we're all on the same page, let's begin our journey on these fascinating molecules. 

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concept

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Monosaccharides can be described by both generic names and specific names.

 

Generic naming involves: 

  • Carbonyl type (i.e. aldo— )
  • Carbon Chain Length (Pre-IUPAC) with –“ose” ending (i.e. –triose, -tetrose, –pentose, -hexose, etc)
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Problem

Provide the generic name for the following monosaccharide.

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Problem

How many possible stereoisomers AND epimers exist for the following aldopentose? Draw all of the possible epimers. 

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example

Identifying Types of Stereoisomers

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