Organic Chemistry

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4. Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

Naming Amines

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Types of Amines and Primary Amines

Amines can be tricky to name, that is why we will seperate them into categories so we have specific rules to follow. 

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Naming Primary Amines

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Sometimes common names are used for amines, but the majority of the time when naming 1˚ amines we will just add the suffix "amine" in place of the "e" at the end of a name.

 

Here is an example of how we name structures where the amine group is not highest priority.

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Primary Amines as Substituents

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Naming Secondary and Tertiary Amines

With 2˚ and 3˚ amines, we now have multiple R groups attached to our Nitrogen, so lets see how that affects how we name them.

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Naming Secondary and Tertiary Amines

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Essentially what we just did is name it as a primary amine using the longest alkyl chain, and then added the other R groups as substituents coming off of our "N"

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Think you can handle one more? Let's give it a try! 

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Name the following amines

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If you got that one correct, I'm impressed. But if not, don't sweat it! 

 

Rome wasn't built in a day and no one learned naming amines right away either – or something like that.