Organic Chemistry

Learn the toughest concepts covered in Organic Chemistry with step-by-step video tutorials and practice problems by world-class tutors.

11. Radical Reactions

Free Radical Halogenation

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Alkanes are the backbone of organic molecules, yet they are almost completely unreactive.

The only reaction alkanes undergo is radical halogenation, the gateway to the rest of organic synthesis.

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concept

The one reaction that alkanes will actually undergo.

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concept

Radical Chain Reaction Mechanism.

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Alkanes will react with diatomic halogens in the presence of heat, light or any other radical initiator.

  • Think of the radical as a “hot potato” that the alkanes want to keep passing along!
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Explaining the following problem.

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example

Show the entire chain reaction mechanism.

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