Types of Radiation
Radioactive reactions deal with the chemical instability of the nucleus in an atom. Heavy (large atomic mass) elements undergo radioactive reactions in order to increase the stability of their nuclei.
Types of Radiation Concept 1
In a typical stoichiometric reaction we begin with elements as reactants and end with the same elements in different forms as products.
In a nuclear reaction the number of protons in an element are affected and so the identity of the element changes.
The three most common types of radioactive reactions are alpha decay or capture, beta decay or capture and gamma emission.
Types of Radiation Concept 2
In a radioactive decay or emission reaction the radioactive particle is ejected from the nucleus and forms a product.
In a radioactive capture or absorption reaction the radioactive particle is taken into the element and so is seen as a reactant.
- Identify the type of particle or radiation for each of the following: b. ¹₁H
- Identify and write the symbol for each of the five nuclides in the decay series shown in Problem.
- List three of the five ways in which a nuclear reaction differs from a chemical reaction.
- How does ionizing radiation lead to cell damage?
- How does nuclear fission differ from normal radioactive decay?
- Identify the starting radioisotopes needed to balance each of these nuclear reactions: a. b.
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