1. Matter and Measurements

Metric Prefixes

1. Matter and Measurements

# Metric Prefixes

**Metric Prefixes** are “labels” that can be placed in front of base units.

Metric Prefix Multipliers

1

concept

## Metric Prefixes

3m

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2

concept

## Metric Prefixes

1m

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3

example

## Metric Prefixes Example 1

3m

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4

Problem

ProblemWhich quantity in the following pair is smaller?

A

155 pm

B

7.8 x 10

^{–9}cm5

Problem

ProblemUse the prefix multipliers to express each measurement without any exponents.

a) 32 x 10^{-13} L

b) 7.3 x 10^{6} g

c) 18.5 x 10^{11} s

3m

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6

Problem

ProblemUse scientific notation to express each quantity with only the base unit.

a) 83 µm

b) 193 kg

c) 2.7 mmol

3m

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7

Problem

ProblemIf a room has a volume of 1.15 x 10^{8} cm^{3}, what is the volume in km^{3}?

A

1150 km

^{3}B

115 km

^{3}C

1.15 x 10

^{-7}km^{3}D

1.15 x 10

^{5}km^{3}## Do you want more practice?

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Additional resources for Metric Prefixes

PRACTICE PROBLEMS AND ACTIVITIES (23)

- Write the abbreviation for each of the following units: c. kilometer
- Write the abbreviation for each of the following units: b. deciliter
- Write the abbreviation for each of the following units: a. milligram
- Write the complete name for each of the following units: a. cL
- Write the complete name for each of the following units: b. kg
- Write the complete name for each of the following units: c. ms
- Write the numerical value for each of the following prefixes: c. milli
- Write the numerical value for each of the following prefixes: b. tera
- Write the numerical value for each of the following prefixes: a. centi
- Use a prefix to write the name for each of the following: b. 10⁶ m
- Use a prefix to write the name for each of the following: c. 0.001 m
- Use a prefix to write the name for each of the following: d. 10⁻¹² m
- For each of the following pairs, which is the larger unit? c. m or km
- For each of the following pairs, which is the larger unit? b. milliliter or microliter
- For each of the following pairs, which is the larger unit? a. milligram or kilogram
- Give the full name of the following units: a. cc b. dm c. mm d. nL e. mg f. m³
- Use metric conversion factors to solve each of the following problems: d. A balloon has a volume of 3500 cm³....
- Use metric conversion factors to solve each of the following problems: c. A hummingbird has a mass of 0.0055 ...
- Use metric conversion factors to solve each of the following problems: b. A cooler has a volume of 5000 mL. W...
- Use metric conversion factors to solve each of the following problems: d. A jar contains 0.29 kg of olives. H...
- Use metric conversion factors to solve each of the following problems: c. A package of chocolate instant pudd...
- Use metric conversion factors to solve each of the following problems: a. The Daily Value (DV) for phosphorus...
- Use metric conversion factors to solve each of the following problems: b. A glass of orange juice contains 3....