GOB Chemistry

Learn the toughest concepts covered in your GOB - General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry class with step-by-step video tutorials and practice problems.

Ionic Compounds

Periodic Table: Transition Metal Charges

Transition Metal Charges can vary because of their electron arrangements around the nucleus.

Transition Metal Charges



Periodic Table: Transition Metals Charges Concept 1

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So remember Type two medals are metals that possess multiple charges. Now we're gonna say most transition metals have varying positive charges because of their electron arrangements around the nucleus. Now there's gonna be mawr advanced explanations for this later on, but we'll discuss them in much later chapters. So just remember, when it comes to type two medals, a majority of them are the transition metals. They have multiple charges. So here, if we take a look, we have some of the most common types of transition metals. And what we need to realize is that although many of them have multiple charges, there are quite a few that do possess only one charge. So, for example, Skandia Mom, which is in Group three or three B, it's plus three. And there's some similar chemical properties going on for elements within that group because Skandia Miz plus three, that means the other metals that are in this group with it are also plus three. But then, of course, when you look at other transition metals, you're going to see a bunch of charges like Mangga Knees, for example, could be plus two plus three plus four plus five or even plus seven. Now, the way we're able to tell which one of these charges manganese will have will be dependent on the other element is connected to We learn about that later on. But just realize here that these transition metals or called transition metals because they have a bunch of possible charges now besides the elements in Group three B or three, we also have silver, cadmium and zinc, although their transition metals as well they also have Onley one particular charge. So silver, when it's an ion, is gonna be plus one cadmium and zinc. They're both in the same group again, so they're gonna be similar to each other. Both of them will be plus two when they do have a charge. So again, transition metals. Ah, lot of them have multiple possible charges. And because of that, they're characterizes being Type two medals, some of the transition metals ones in red. They possess only one charge. They are transition metals, but they're not type two medals because they don't have multiple charges. So keep this in mind when we're confronting different types of transition metals. Some have the potential to have multiple charges


Periodic Table: Transition Metals Charges Example 1

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So if we look at this example question, it says, predict the major charge of an ion if it were discovered to be in period 10. Group three Be alright. So something that might jump out at you when you look at this question is the fact that we're talking about a period 10 element. But we know that when we look at a periodic table, there's only seven rows, so our periodic tables on Lee go up to period seven. So where is this period? 10. Coming from what? Remember I discussed earlier that the periodic table is dynamic. It changes over time because we are either going to discover new elements or create new elements. The number of roles will over time increase, so there is a chance that we will create an element. Or maybe there's an element that already exists that is located in period 10. But that's not the important part of this question. The important part is the group that it's in. It's in Group three B. So remember we talked about this up up above Group three B. This contains the elements candy Um, and it has a charge of plus three and we said that there's something special about that. Group three Bean. The other metals in that group, would also possess a charge off plus three. So here, that would mean that option E would be my correct choice. So remember, a lot of the transition metals have multiple charges, but there are some patterns that we can observe when looking at different transition metals, one of them being elements from Group three be having a charge of plus three.

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