Percent Yield

Jules Bruno
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now stocky geometry is a way of us to turning, theoretically on paper how much product we could make if we're given some given amount of starting material. But when we do the experiment in real life and obtain a certain amount of product, it's the percent yield that determines how successful we were now. Percent yield determines how successful the scientist was in creating the desired product. The higher the percent yield than the higher the efficiency of a chemical reaction. So just like you want the highest possible percentages on an exam, we want the highest possible percentages in percent yield that will show us being successful in creating our product. Now we're gonna say, in terms of percent yield values, we can have excellent, very good, good and poor. Now, if you have a percent yield that is equal to or greater than 90% you could call that an excellent yield. If you have amount that's equal to or greater than 80% then that would be very good. If you were good, that means you'd be equal to or greater than 70% and then you have a poor yield. If you're percent. Yield was less than 40%. Now, with percent yield comes the percent yield formula and the percent yield formula equals actual yield over theoretical yield. Times 100 remember, we have our purple box here. That means that this is a formula you need to commit to memory because often times it's not given on your formula shoot. Now we know that the percent yield measures how successful we are in terms of carrying this reaction out in real life. We know that theoretical yield is what we do as calculations on paper when they give us multiple amounts of given, and we figure out how much product we're making. Actual yield, though actual yield is the amount of pure product actually created when the experiment is done in the laboratory. Oftentimes what you do on paper, you'll see that when you do the experiment in real life, things don't exactly match up. We're gonna say here that the units used in the formula are based on the units of the actual yield, so let's say that our actual yield is in grams of our product. But our theoretical yield that we calculated isn't moles. You'd have to change those theoretical yield units to match the actual yield units. So you have to change moles to grants. We're going to say here that no chemical reaction is 100% efficient, so you'll never, ever get a percent yield. That is 100%. There's always gonna be something that happens. You're gonna spill some of your compound, you're gonna lose some randomly. Outside forces will play a part, so you'll never get to 100% yield because of this. That means that your actual yield is always less than your theoretical yield. So just remember, we have percent yield. We have actual yield. We have theoretical yield. Together, they give us a good insight into how efficient our chemical reaction is.