Now, molar mass is a physical property that represents the mass of a substance divided by the amount of that substance. We're going to say the SI unit for mass is kilograms, and the SI unit for the amount of a substance is moles. But molar mass is generally shown as being in units of grams per mole. And remember, when we see our shaded purple boxes, that means that's a definition or some type of formula you need to memorize. In this case, you need to memorize the molar mass formula. Molar mass itself equals grams per mole, and what you also need to realize is that molar mass is just one term that can talk about this relation of grams per mole. Besides molar mass, you might also hear it referred to as molar weight, molecular weight, or molecular mass. So just remember, all of these are talking about the same thing. They're all referring to the relationship of grams per mole, the mass of a substance divided by the amount of that substance.

# Calculating Molar Mass - Online Tutor, Practice Problems & Exam Prep

**Molar Mass** is a physical property that represents the mass of a substance divided by the amount of that substance.

## Calculating Molar Mass

### Calculating Molar Mass

#### Video transcript

The units for molar mass are in grams per mole.

### Calculating Molar Mass Example 1

#### Video transcript

The example question says, calculate the molar mass of the compound NH_{4}_{2}SO_{4}. In order to do that, we're going to follow each of the following steps. Alright. So step 1, you have to count the number of each element within the given compound. Now if the elements are within parentheses, just remember to distribute the subscript to each element. Alright. So within these parentheses, we have NH_{4}. That means we have 1 nitrogen, 4 hydrogens, and this subscript of 2. What happens here is that 2 gets distributed, so it becomes 2 times 1, which will give us 2 nitrogens, and then we have 2 times 4, which will give us 8 hydrogens. We're done with everything in parentheses. Next, let's look at SO_{4}. So SO_{4}, there's only 1 sulfur there, so there we know that there's a one that we don't see, so there's just 1 sulfur. And then we see that there are 4 oxygens. So we've successfully counted each of these elements within the compound. Next, find the atomic masses of each element from the periodic table. So we have nitrogen, hydrogen, sulfur, and oxygen. Remember that the atomic mass is the number that is not a whole number, it usually has decimal places. That's because it's the average of all the isotopes for that particular element. So we have 14.01 grams per mole for nitrogen, 1.008 grams per mole for hydrogen, 32.07 grams per mole for sulfur, and 16 grams per mole for oxygen, roughly. The numbers on top are the atomic numbers, so let's not worry about those. Now, you're going to multiply together the number of each element with their atomic masses from the periodic table. So from step 1, we found out we had 2 nitrogens, 8 hydrogens, 1 sulfur, and 4 oxygens. Now multiplying them with their atomic masses gives us totals here. The new totals will be 28.02, 8.064, 32.07, and 64. Now that we have each of those totals, step 4 is you add up the totals after multiplication to determine the molar mass of the compound. So we take all these numbers and we add them all up together when we do that we're going to get a total of 132.154 grams per mole. So this would represent the molar mass of our compound. So these are the steps you must always use, always employ in order to determine the molar mass of any compound you come face to face with. So now that we know how to do that, let's continue onward with calculating molar mass.

Calculate the molecular weight of C_{3}H_{5}N_{3}O_{3}.

The reaction between nickel metal and hydrochloric acid is not a simple dissolution. The product formed is NiCl_{2} • 6 H_{2}O (s), nickel (II) chloride hexahydrate, which has exactly 6 waters of hydration in the crystal lattice for every nickel ion. What is the molar mass of nickel (II) chloride hexahydrate, NiCl_{2} • 6 H_{2}O (s)?

What is the molar mass of diazepam also known as Valium if 0.05570 mol weighs 15.86 g?

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