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Rutherford’s Experiment: Nuclear atom

Pearson
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In 1910, Rutherford and his coworkers were studying the angle at which alpha particles were scattered as they passed through a thin gold foil. Most of the alpha particles pass through undeflected; however, a few were found to be scattered at large angles, some even back in the direction from which they had come. This meant that they had repelled with an object much more massive than the alpha particles themselves, yet so small that only a few alpha particles encountered them. This atomic level view shows what is happening; most of the atom is occupied by the low mass electrons. The nucleus is small and massive. When an alpha particle encounters a nucleus, it is scattered at a large angle.
In 1910, Rutherford and his coworkers were studying the angle at which alpha particles were scattered as they passed through a thin gold foil. Most of the alpha particles pass through undeflected; however, a few were found to be scattered at large angles, some even back in the direction from which they had come. This meant that they had repelled with an object much more massive than the alpha particles themselves, yet so small that only a few alpha particles encountered them. This atomic level view shows what is happening; most of the atom is occupied by the low mass electrons. The nucleus is small and massive. When an alpha particle encounters a nucleus, it is scattered at a large angle.