Formal Charge

Jules Bruno
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now formal charge represents the charge given toe elements when assuming electrons are shared equally, regardless off electoral negativity. In reality, sometimes an element that's more electro negative will hold on to that electron within the electrons within the bond a little bit more tightly around themselves, which inflates or makes the electron clouds larger. But when it comes to formal charge, we don't take that into consideration. We assume that all atoms that are sharing electrons between each other they share them equally now with formal charge were introduced to terms such as bonding, electrons versus non bonding electrons. Bonding electrons are the electrons that do participate in bonding with other elements, and non bonding electrons are the electrons that don't participate and bonding with other elements with formal charge. We have our formal charge formula here. We'd say formal charge equals the valence electrons off that element that we're examining minus the bonds that it is making, plus the non bonding electrons that it possesses. We're going to say remember Valence electrons equals the group number off that element, and when we're talking about non bonding electrons, realized that we're gonna count them individually with formal charge when we find the formal charge of every element within a compound, we can calculate what's called the Net charge. The net charge is the overall charge. This is the sum off all formal charges within a compound. So now that we know the formal charge formula, click on to the next video on, Let's put it to practice with the given example.